noun, plural stir·pes [stur-peez] /ˈstɜr piz/.
a stock; family or branch of a family; line of descent.
Law. a person from whom a family is descended.
Biology Now Rare. a family, superfamily, or permanent variety.
Origin of stirps
1675–85; < Latin: rootstock, trunk
[pur stur-peez, per]
adjective, adverb Law.
pertaining to or noting a method of dividing an estate in which the descendants of a deceased person share as a group in the portion of the estate to which the deceased would have been entitled.
Compare per capita(def 2).
Origin of per stirpes
First recorded in 1675–85, per stirpes is from the Latin word per stirpēs literally, by stocks
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
Related Words for stirpesorigin, clan, pedigree, genealogy, descent, lineage, ancestry, genetics, tribe, progeny, family, house, kin, breed, kindred, extraction, heredity, race, blood, birth
Examples from the Web for stirpes
Historical Examples of stirpes
These subtribes are both further resolvable into two or more races (Stirpes).An Introduction to Entomology: Vol. IV (of 4)
noun plural stirpes (ˈstɜːpiːz)
genealogy a line of descendants from an ancestor; stock or strain
botany a race or variety, esp one in which the characters are maintained by cultivation
Word Origin for stirps
C17: from Latin: root, family origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
plural of stirps, Latin, literally "stem, stalk."
Latin, "by families, by stocks;" in legal use, for inheritances, etc., opposed to per capita.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper