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stoop

1
[stoop]
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verb (used without object)
  1. to bend the head and shoulders, or the body generally, forward and downward from an erect position: to stoop over a desk.
  2. to carry the head and shoulders habitually bowed forward: to stoop from age.
  3. (of trees, precipices, etc.) to bend, bow, or lean.
  4. to descend from one's level of dignity; condescend; deign: Don't stoop to argue with him.
  5. to swoop down, as a hawk at prey.
  6. to submit; yield.
  7. Obsolete. to come down from a height.
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verb (used with object)
  1. to bend (oneself, one's head, etc.) forward and downward.
  2. Archaic. to abase, humble, or subdue.
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noun
  1. the act or an instance of stooping.
  2. a stooping position or carriage of body: The elderly man walked with a stoop.
  3. a descent from dignity or superiority.
  4. a downward swoop, as of a hawk.
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Origin of stoop

1
before 900; Middle English stoupen (v.), Old English stūpian; cognate with Middle Dutch stūpen to bend, bow; akin to steep1
Related formsstoop·er, nounstoop·ing·ly, adverbnon·stoop·ing, adjectiveun·stooped, adjectiveun·stoop·ing, adjective

Synonyms for stoop

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1. lean, crouch.

Synonym study

1. See bend1.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for stooped

bent, leaning, gibbous

Examples from the Web for stooped

Contemporary Examples of stooped

Historical Examples of stooped

  • Yet, as she stooped, she made her final, grand sacrifice—Mart should go!

  • A slight noise had caught his ear, he had stooped, listening.

    Within the Law

    Marvin Dana

  • He stooped, thinking he had caught it, but took up only a handful of soapy foam.

    The Dream

    Emile Zola

  • Her eyes filled, and she stooped as though to kiss the outstretched hand.

    The Leopard Woman

    Stewart Edward White

  • She stooped ever so slightly and touched the upstanding mop of his wavy hair.

    The Leopard Woman

    Stewart Edward White


British Dictionary definitions for stooped

stoop

1
verb (mainly intr)
  1. (also tr) to bend (the body or the top half of the body) forward and downward
  2. to carry oneself with head and shoulders habitually bent forward
  3. (often foll by to) to abase or degrade oneself
  4. (often foll by to) to condescend; deign
  5. (of a bird of prey) to swoop down
  6. archaic to give in
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noun
  1. the act, position, or characteristic of stooping
  2. a lowering from a position of dignity or superiority
  3. a downward swoop, esp of a bird of prey
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Derived Formsstooper, nounstooping, adjectivestoopingly, adverb

Word Origin for stoop

Old English stūpan; related to Middle Dutch stupen to bow, Old Norse stūpa, Norwegian stupa to fall; see steep 1

stoop

2
noun
  1. US and Canadian a small platform with steps up to it at the entrance to a building
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Word Origin for stoop

C18: from Dutch stoep, of Germanic origin; compare Old High German stuofa stair, Old English stōpel footprint; see step

stoop

3
noun
  1. archaic a pillar or post
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Word Origin for stoop

C15: variant of dialect stulpe, probably from Old Norse stolpe; see stele

stoop

4
noun
  1. a less common spelling of stoup
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for stooped

stoop

v.

"bend forward," Old English stupian "to bow, bend" (cognate with Middle Dutch stupen "to bow, bend"), from Proto-Germanic *stup-, from PIE *(s)teu- (see steep (adj.)). Figurative sense of "condescend" is from 1570s. Sense of "swoop" is first recorded 1570s in falconry.

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stoop

n.

"raised open platform at the door of a house," 1755, American and Canadian, from Dutch stoep "flight of steps, doorstep, stoop," from Middle Dutch, from Proto-Germanic *stopo "step" (see step).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper