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stroma

[stroh-muh]
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noun, plural stro·ma·ta [stroh-muh-tuh] /ˈstroʊ mə tə/.
  1. Cell Biology. the supporting framework or matrix of a cell.
  2. Anatomy. the supporting framework, usually of connective tissue, of an organ, as distinguished from the parenchyma.
  3. Mycology. (in certain fungi) a compact, somatic mass of fungous tissue, in or on which the fructifications may be developed.
  4. Botany. the matrix of a chloroplast, containing various molecules and ions.
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Origin of stroma

1825–35; < Late Latin strōma mattress < Greek strôma bed-covering; akin to Latin sternere to spread, strew, strātum (see stratum)
Related formsstro·mat·ic [stroh-mat-ik] /stroʊˈmæt ɪk/, stro·mal, stro·ma·tous, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for stromata

Historical Examples

  • "It is sufficient," he said, pushing the Stromata back into his pocket.

    The Queen Pedauque

    Anatole France

  • The fifth and sixth books of the "Stromata" turn entirely upon the perfection of gnosticism.

    A Philosophical Dictionary, Volume 6 (of 10)

    Franois-Marie Arouet (AKA Voltaire)

  • The first passage which he points out is found in the Stromata of Clement of Alexandria.

  • Stromata, II, 4: "ἐκ δὲ αἰσθήσεως καὶ τοῦ νοῦ ἡ τῆς ἐπιστήμης συνίσταται οὐσία κοινὸν δὲ νοῦ τε καὶ αἰσθήσεως τὸ ἐναργές."

  • But S. Clement, in his Stromata, translates "every man," as "the whole man."


British Dictionary definitions for stromata

stroma

noun plural -mata (-mətə) biology
  1. the gel-like matrix of chloroplasts and certain cells
  2. the fibrous connective tissue forming the matrix of the mammalian ovary and testis
  3. a dense mass of hyphae that is produced by certain fungi and gives rise to spore-producing bodies
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Derived Formsstromatic (strəʊˈmætɪk) or stromatous, adjective

Word Origin

C19: via New Latin from Late Latin: a mattress, from Greek; related to Latin sternere to strew
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for stromata

stroma

n.

1832, in anatomy, plural stromae, Modern Latin, from Latin stroma "bed covering," from Greek stroma "anything spread out for lying or sitting on" (see structure (n.)).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

stromata in Medicine

stroma

(strōmə)
n. pl. stro•ma•ta (-mə-tə)
  1. The connective tissue framework of an organ, a gland, or other structure, as distinguished from the tissues performing the special function of the organ or part.
  2. The spongy and colorless framework of a cell.
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Related formsstromal adj.stro•matic (-mătĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.