noun, plural stro·ma·ta [stroh-muh-tuh] /ˈstroʊ mə tə/.
Cell Biology. the supporting framework or matrix of a cell.
Anatomy. the supporting framework, usually of connective tissue, of an organ, as distinguished from the parenchyma.
Mycology. (in certain fungi) a compact, somatic mass of fungous tissue, in or on which the fructifications may be developed.
Botany. the matrix of a chloroplast, containing various molecules and ions.
Origin of stroma
1825–35;Related formsstro·mat·ic [stroh-mat-ik] /stroʊˈmæt ɪk/, stro·mal, stro·ma·tous, adjective
< Late Latin strōma
mattress < Greek strôma
bed-covering; akin to Latin sternere
to spread, strew
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
Examples from the Web for stromata
Historical Examples of stromata
"It is sufficient," he said, pushing the Stromata back into his pocket.
The fifth and sixth books of the "Stromata" turn entirely upon the perfection of gnosticism.
The first passage which he points out is found in the Stromata of Clement of Alexandria.
Stromata, II, 4: "ἐκ δὲ αἰσθήσεως καὶ τοῦ νοῦ ἡ τῆς ἐπιστήμης συνίσταται οὐσία κοινὸν δὲ νοῦ τε καὶ αἰσθήσεως τὸ ἐναργές."
But S. Clement, in his Stromata, translates "every man," as "the whole man."
British Dictionary definitions for stromata
noun plural -mata (-mətə) biology
Derived Formsstromatic (strəʊˈmætɪk) or stromatous, adjective
the gel-like matrix of chloroplasts and certain cells
the fibrous connective tissue forming the matrix of the mammalian ovary and testis
a dense mass of hyphae that is produced by certain fungi and gives rise to spore-producing bodies
Word Origin for stroma
C19: via New Latin from Late Latin: a mattress, from Greek; related to Latin sternere to strew
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for stromata
1832, in anatomy, plural stromae, Modern Latin, from Latin stroma "bed covering," from Greek stroma "anything spread out for lying or sitting on" (see structure (n.)).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
n. pl. stro•ma•ta (-mə-tə)
Related formsstro′mal adj.stro•mat′ic (-măt′ĭk) adj.
The connective tissue framework of an organ, a gland, or other structure, as distinguished from the tissues performing the special function of the organ or part.
The spongy and colorless framework of a cell.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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