- a prefix meaning “over, above,” “in addition,” occurring mainly in loanwords from French and partial calques of French words: surcharge; surname; surrender; survive.
Origin of sur-1
Middle English < Old French < Latin super- super-
- variant of sub- before r: surrogate.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
- over; above; beyondsurcharge; surrealism Compare super-
from Old French, from Latin super-
- a variant of sub- surrogate
Word Origin and History for sur-
word-forming element meaning "over, above, beyond, in addition," especially in words from Anglo-French and Old French, from Old French sour-, sor-, sur-, from Latin super (see super-).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper