- a submarine.
- a substitute.
- a submarine sandwich. See hero sandwich.
- a subcontractor.
- a sublieutenant.
- a subordinate.
- a subaltern.
- British. an advance against one's wages, especially one granted as a subsistence allowance.
- Photography. a substratum.
- to act as a substitute for another.
- Photography. to coat (a film or plate) with a substratum.
Origin of sub
Regional variation note
- supplemental unemployment benefits.
- a prefix occurring originally in loanwords from Latin (subject; subtract; subvert; subsidy); on this model, freely attached to elements of any origin and used with the meaning “under,” “below,” “beneath” (subalpine; substratum), “slightly,” “imperfectly,” “nearly” (subcolumnar; subtropical), “secondary,” “subordinate” (subcommittee; subplot).
- a prefix indicating a basic compound: subacetate; subcarbonate; subnitrate.
- a prefix indicating that the element is present in a relatively small proportion, i.e., in a low oxidation state: subchloride; suboxide.
Origin of sub-
Examples from the Web for sub
Sub- and counter-cultures are what have driven McKell throughout his career as a portrait photographer.London’s Pagan Counterculture Kings
October 12, 2014
To date no conclusion can be made as to the contributor to the incident and it would be sub judice to say so.Who Gagged the Search for MH370?
June 22, 2014
This sub rosa gathering marks another step in the organizing of a potential presidential campaign for Clinton.Hillary Clinton’s Secret Iowa Campaign Cadre
June 21, 2014
The sub was so quiet, that it consistently managed to get within easy torpedo range.Tomorrow’s Stealthy Subs Could Sink America’s Navy
May 12, 2014
All you need to do is sub the word “Russia” for “Soviet Union” and the joke still packs the same punch.Putin: The Cold War Comeback Kid
May 8, 2014
There are four other beetleheads on the sub and they carry disintegrators.Operation Earthworm
"That he 'll not get a sou more with my consent," broke in the sub.Confessions Of Con Cregan
Charles James Lever
You'll probably see me relegated to the scrub, sub or dub class.Marjorie Dean, College Sophomore
"Boy Scouts of the Sea," watch us do our partIf a raider or a sub.With the Colors
Everard Jack Appleton
In the mornin' he comes around just like nothin' had happened and wants to know if I'll sub.Torchy
- (intr) to serve as a substitute
- (intr) informal to act as a substitute (for)
- British informal to grant or receive (an advance payment of wages or salary)
- (tr) informal short for subedit
- (tr) photog to apply a substratum to (a film or plate base)
- subito (in music)
- situated under or beneathsubterranean
- secondary in rank; subordinatesubeditor
- falling short of; less than or imperfectlysubarctic; subhuman
- forming a subdivision or subordinate part of a wholesubcommittee
- (in chemistry)
- indicating that a compound contains a relatively small proportion of a specified elementsuboxide
- indicating that a salt is basic saltsubacetate
Word Origin and History for sub
word-forming element meaning "under," from Latin preposition sub "under" (also "close to, up to, towards"), from a variant form (*(s)up-, perhaps representing *ex-upo-) of PIE root *upo- "from below," hence "turning upward, upward, up, up from under, over, beyond" (cf. Sanskrit upa "near, under, up to, on," Greek hypo "under," Gothic iup, Old Norse, Old English upp "up, upward," Hittite up-zi "rises"). Used as a prefix and in various combinations.
The original meaning is now obscured in many words from Latin ( suggest, suspect, subject, etc.). The prefix is active in Modern English, sometimes meaning "subordinate" (as in subcontinent, first recorded 1863) or "inferior" (a sense first attested 1963).
- Below; under; beneath:subcutaneous.
- Subordinate; secondary:subinfection.
- Less than completely or normally; nearly; almost:subfertility.
- A prefix that means underneath or lower (as in subsoil), a subordinate or secondary part of something else (as in subphylum.), or less than completely (as in subtropical.)