[sin-kron-ik, sing-]

adjective Linguistics.

having reference to the facts of a linguistic system as it exists at one point in time without reference to its history: synchronic analysis; synchronic dialectology.

Nearby words

  1. synchromesh,
  2. synchromism,
  3. synchronal,
  4. synchroneity,
  5. synchronia,
  6. synchronic study,
  7. synchronicity,
  8. synchronism,
  9. synchronistic,
  10. synchronize

Sometimes syn·chron·i·cal.

Compare diachronic.

Origin of synchronic

1825–35; < Late Latin synchron(us) synchronous + -ic

Related formssyn·chron·i·cal·ly, adverbnon·syn·chron·ic, adjectivenon·syn·chron·i·cal, adjectivenon·syn·chron·i·cal·ly, adverb Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

British Dictionary definitions for synchronically



concerned with the events or phenomena at a particular period without considering historical antecedentssynchronic linguistics Compare diachronic
Derived Formssynchronically, adverb

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for synchronically



1833 shortening of synchronical (1650s), from Late Latin synchronus "simultaneous" (see synchronous). Linguistic sense is first recorded 1922, probably a borrowing from French synchronique (de Saussure, 1913).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper