- a region, quarter, or district: a journey to foreign parts.
- a quality or attribute establishing the possessor as a person of importance or superior worth: Being both a diplomat and a successful businesswoman, she is widely regarded as a woman of parts.
- the written or printed matter extracted from the score that a single performer or section uses in the performance of concerted music: a horn part.
- a section or division of a composition: the allegro part of the first movement.
verb (used with object)
- to separate (silver) from gold in refining.
- to cut (one part) away from a piece, as an end from a billet.
- to keep the surface of (a casting) separate from the sand of the mold.
verb (used without object)
- parsons table,
- parsons, talcott,
- parsons, theophilus,
- parsons, william,
- part and parcel,
- part company,
- part exchange,
- part music,
- part of fortune
- without offense; in a good-natured manner; amiably: She was able to take teasing in good part.
- to a great extent; largely: His success is in good part ascribable to dogged determination.
- so far as pertains to or concerns one: He expressed appreciation on the part of himself and his colleagues.
- as done or manifested by: attention on the part of the audience.
- to bid farewell or go separate ways; leave one another.
- to dissolve a personal affiliation, relationship, etc., especially because of irreconcilable differences.
- to disagree.
Origin of part
- an amount less than the whole; bitthey only recovered part of the money
- (as modifier)an old car in part exchange for a new one
- an actor's role in a play
- the speech and actions which make up such a role
- a written copy of these
- one of a number of separate melodic lines making up the texture of music
- one of such melodic lines, which is assigned to one or more instrumentalists or singersthe viola part; the soprano solo part
- such a line performed from a separately written or printed copySee part song
- to pretend to be what one is not
- (foll by in)to have something to do (with); be instrumental (in)to play a part in the king's downfall
- to end a friendship or association, esp as a result of a quarrel; separatethey were in partnership, but parted company last year
- (foll by with)to leave; go away from; be separated from
Word Origin for part
mid-13c., "division, portion of a whole," from Old French part "share, portion; character; power, dominion; side, way, path," from Latin partem (nominative pars) "a part, piece, a share, a division; a party or faction; a part of the body; a fraction; a function, office," related to portio "share, portion," from PIE root *pere- "to assign, allot" (cf. Greek peprotai "it has been granted," Sanskrit purtam "reward," Hittite parshiya- "fraction, part").
It has replaced native deal (n.) in most senses. Theatrical sense (late 15c.) is from an actor's "share" in a performance (The Latin plural partis was used in the same sense). Meaning "the parting of the hair" is 1890, American English.
As an adjective from 1590s. Late Old English part "part of speech" did not survive and the modern word is considered a separate borrowing. Phrase for the most part is from late 14c. To take part "participate" is from late 14c.
c.1200, "to divide into parts; separate oneself," from Old French partir "to divide, separate" (10c.), from Latin partire, partere "to share, part, distribute, divide," from pars (see part (n.)).
Sense of "to separate (someone from someone else)" is from early 14c.; that of "to take leave" is from early 15c. Meaning "to separate the hair" is attested from 1610s. Related: Parted; parting. To part with "surrender" is from c.1300.
Play a role in, share in, participate, as in Will you be taking part in the wedding? or He did not take part in the discussion. [Late 1300s] Also see take one's part.
In addition to the idioms beginning with part
- part and parcel
- part company
- parting of the ways
- parting shot
- part with
- party line
- best part of
- better half (part of)
- discretion is the better part of valor
- do one's bit (part)
- fool and his money are soon parted
- for one's part
- for the most part
- in good part
- in part
- take part
- take someone's part