[ toil ]
/ tɔɪl /


hard and continuous work; exhausting labor or effort.
a laborious task.
Archaic. battle; strife; struggle.

verb (used without object)

to engage in hard and continuous work; labor arduously: to toil in the fields.
to move or travel with difficulty, weariness, or pain.

verb (used with object)

to accomplish or produce by toil.

Nearby words

  1. togs,
  2. togue,
  3. toheroa,
  4. tohubohu,
  5. tohunga,
  6. toile,
  7. toile de jouy,
  8. toilet,
  9. toilet bowl,
  10. toilet paper

Origin of toil

1250–1300; Middle English toile (noun), toilen (v.) < Anglo-French toil contention, toiler to contend < Latin tudiculāre to stir up, beat, verbal derivative of tudicula machine for crushing olives, equivalent to tudi- (stem of tundere to beat) + -cula -cule2

Related formstoil·er, nounun·toil·ing, adjective Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for toiling

British Dictionary definitions for toiling


/ (tɔɪl) /


hard or exhausting work
an obsolete word for strife


(intr) to labour
(intr) to progress with slow painful movementsto toil up a hill
(tr) archaic to achieve by toil
Derived Formstoiler, noun

Word Origin for toil

C13: from Anglo-French toiler to struggle, from Old French toeillier to confuse, from Latin tudiculāre to stir, from tudicula machine for bruising olives, from tudes a hammer, from tundere to beat


/ (tɔɪl) /


(often plural) a net or snarethe toils of fortune had ensnared him
archaic a trap for wild beasts

Word Origin for toil

C16: from Old French toile, from Latin tēla loom

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for toiling
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper