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Toluca

[taw-loo-kah]
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noun
  1. a city in and the capital of Mexico state, in S central Mexico.
  2. an extinct volcano in central Mexico, in Mexico state. 15,026 feet (4580 meters).
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Mexico

[mek-si-koh]
noun
  1. a republic in S North America. 761,530 sq. mi. (1,972,363 sq. km). Capital: Mexico City.
  2. a state in central Mexico. 8268 sq. mi. (21,415 sq. km). Capital: Toluca.
  3. Gulf of, Mexican Gol·fo de Mé·xi·co [gawl-faw th e me-hee-kaw] /ˈgɔl fɔ ðɛ ˈmɛ hiˌkɔ/. an arm of the Atlantic surrounded by the U.S., Cuba, and Mexico. 700,000 sq. mi. (1,813,000 sq. km); greatest depth 12,714 feet (3875 meters).
  4. a town in NE Missouri.
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Mexican Mé·xi·co [me-hee-kaw] /ˈmɛ hiˌkɔ/ (for defs 1, 2).Spanish Méjico (for defs 1, 2).
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for toluca

Historical Examples

  • Toluca has the best and largest general market which we saw in Mexico.

    Aztec Land

    Maturin M. Ballou

  • Toluca is one of the more vigorous of the growing cities of the republic.

    On the Mexican Highlands

    William Seymour Edwards

  • His sons were away at school, in Toluca, and were learning English.

    On the Mexican Highlands

    William Seymour Edwards

  • They were approaching Toluca, the spot where the President resolved to await the enemy.

    The Rebel Chief

    Gustave Aimard

  • Whence did the kings of Toluca obtain the young tree, or the seed?


British Dictionary definitions for toluca

Toluca

noun
  1. a city in S central Mexico, capital of Mexico state, at an altitude of 2640 m (8660 ft). Pop: 1 987 000 (2005 est)Official name: Toluca de Lerdo (deˈlɛrðo)
  2. Nevado de Toluca (neˈβaðo de) a volcano in central Mexico, in Mexico state near Toluca: crater partly filled by a lake. Height: 4577 m (15 017 ft)
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Mexico

noun
  1. a republic in North America, on the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific: early Mexican history includes the Maya, Toltec, and Aztec civilizations; conquered by the Spanish between 1519 and 1525 and achieved independence in 1821; lost Texas to the US in 1836 and California and New Mexico in 1848. It is generally mountainous with three ranges of the Sierra Madre (east, west, and south) and a large central plateau. Official language: Spanish. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: peso. Capital: Mexico City. Pop: 116 220 947 (2013 est). Area: 1 967 183 sq km (761 530 sq miles)Official name: United Mexican States Spanish name: Méjico
  2. a state of Mexico, on the central plateau surrounding Mexico City, which is not administratively part of the state. Capital: Toluca. Pop: 13 096 686 (2000). Area: 21 460 sq km (8287 sq miles)
  3. Gulf of Mexico an arm of the Atlantic, bordered by the US, Cuba, and Mexico: linked with the Atlantic by the Straits of Florida and with the Caribbean by the Yucatán Channel. Area: about 1 600 000 sq km (618 000 sq miles)
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for toluca

Mexico

from Spanish, from Nahuatl (Aztecan) mexihco, the name of the ancient Aztec capital.

The etymology of this is opaque. Because of the difference in vowel length, it cannot be derived from ME-TL 'maguey.' The sequence XIH also differs in vowel length from XIC-TLI 'navel,' which has been proposed as a component element. The final element is locative -C(O). [Kartunnen]
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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

toluca in Culture

Mexico

Republic in southern North America, bordered by the United States to the north, the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea to the east, Belize and Guatemala to the southeast, and the Pacific Ocean to the south and west. Its capital and largest city is Mexico City.

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Note

The world's most populous Spanish-speaking country.

Note

Mexico has a significantly high foreign debt. Its land is rich, but much of it is difficult to cultivate. Despite the prosperity of its oil industry, Mexico's economic troubles are severe.

Note

Many Mexicans cross the Mexican-American border illegally in hopes of finding work in the United States.

Note

Mexico's proximity to the United States has led to serious territorial disputes; the immediate cause of the Mexican War of the 1840s was the annexation of Texas by the United States.

Note

Mexico became independent from Spain in 1821.

Note

Before the arrival of the Spanish in the early sixteenth century, great Native American civilizations, such as the Mayas and the Aztecs, thrived.

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In 1994, Mexico joined the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).

Note

From 1929 until the late 1990s, the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) dominated Mexican politics, winning most elections by a combination of popular appeal, corruption, and the liberal distribution of public jobs. In 2000, for the first time, a candidate of a rival party won Mexico's presidency.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.