tongue

[tuhng]

noun

verb (used with object), tongued, tongu·ing.

verb (used without object), tongued, tongu·ing.


Idioms

    find one's tongue, to regain one's powers of speech; recover one's poise: She wanted to say something, but couldn't find her tongue.
    give tongue,
    1. Fox Hunting.(of a hound) to bay while following a scent.
    2. to utter one's thoughts; speak: He wouldn't give tongue to his suspicions.
    hold one's tongue, to refrain from or cease speaking; keep silent.
    lose one's tongue, to lose the power of speech, especially temporarily.
    on the tip of one's/the tongue,
    1. on the verge of being uttered.
    2. unable to be recalled; barely escaping one's memory: The answer was on the tip of my tongue, but I couldn't think of it.
    slip of the tongue, a mistake in speaking, as an inadvertent remark.
    (with) tongue in cheek, ironically or mockingly; insincerely.

Origin of tongue

before 900; (noun) Middle English tunge, Old English; cognate with Dutch tong, German Zunge, Old Norse tunga, Gothic tuggo; akin to Latin lingua (OL dingua); (v.) Middle English tungen to scold, derivative of the noun
Related formstongue·less, adjectivetongue·like, adjectiveout·tongue, verb (used with object), out·tongued, out·tongu·ing.un·tongued, adjective
Can be confusedthong tong tongue
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


British Dictionary definitions for tongue in cheek

tongue

noun

a movable mass of muscular tissue attached to the floor of the mouth in most vertebrates. It is the organ of taste and aids the mastication and swallowing of food. In man it plays an important part in the articulation of speech soundsRelated adjectives: glottic, lingual
an analogous organ in invertebrates
the tongue of certain animals used as food
a language, dialect, or idiomthe English tongue
the ability to speakto lose one's tongue
a manner of speakinga glib tongue
utterance or voice (esp in the phrase give tongue)
(plural) See gift of tongues
anything which resembles a tongue in shape or functiona tongue of flame; a tongue of the sea
a promontory or spit of land
a flap of leather on a shoe, either for decoration or under the laces or buckles to protect the instep
music the reed of an oboe or similar instrument
the clapper of a bell
the harnessing pole of a horse-drawn vehicle
a long and narrow projection on a machine or structural part that serves as a guide for assembly or as a securing device
a projecting strip along an edge of a board that is made to fit a corresponding groove in the edge of another board
hold one's tongue to keep quiet
on the tip of one's tongue about to come to mindher name was on the tip of his tongue
with one's tongue in one's cheek or tongue in cheek with insincere or ironical intent

verb tongues, tonguing or tongued

to articulate (notes played on a wind instrument) by the process of tonguing
(tr) to lick, feel, or touch with the tongue
(tr) carpentry to provide (a board) with a tongue
(intr) (of a piece of land) to project into a body of water
(tr) obsolete to reproach; scold
Derived Formstongueless, adjectivetonguelike, adjective

Word Origin for tongue

Old English tunge; related to Old Saxon, Old Norse tunga, Old High German zunga, Latin lingua
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for tongue in cheek

tongue

n.

Old English tunge "organ of speech, speech, language," from Proto-Germanic *tungon (cf. Old Saxon and Old Norse tunga, Old Frisian tunge, Middle Dutch tonghe, Dutch tong, Old High German zunga, German Zunge, Gothic tuggo), from PIE *dnghwa- (cf. Latin lingua "tongue, speech, language," from Old Latin dingua; Old Irish tenge, Welsh tafod, Lithuanian liezuvis, Old Church Slavonic jezyku).

For substitution of -o- for -u-, see come. The spelling of the ending of the word apparently is a 14c. attempt to indicate proper pronunciation, but the result is "neither etymological nor phonetic, and is only in a very small degree historical" [OED]. Meaning "foreign language" is from 1530s. Tongue-tied is first recorded 1520s.

tongue

v.

"to touch with the tongue, lick," 1680s, from tongue (n.). Earlier as a verb it meant "drive out by order or reproach" (late 14c.). Related: Tongued; tonguing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

tongue in cheek in Medicine

tongue

[tŭng]

n.

A mobile mass of muscular tissue that is covered with mucous membrane, occupies much of the cavity of the mouth, forms part of its floor, bears the organ of taste, and assists in chewing, swallowing, and speech.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

tongue in cheek in Science

tongue

[tŭng]

A muscular organ in most vertebrates that is usually attached to the bottom of the mouth. In snakes, the tongue is used as a sense organ. In frogs, the tongue is chiefly used to capture prey. In mammals, the tongue is the main organ of taste and is an important organ of digestion. In humans, the tongue is used to produce speech.
A similar organ in certain invertebrate animals.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Idioms and Phrases with tongue in cheek

tongue

In addition to the idioms beginning with tongue

  • tongue hangs out, one's
  • tongue in cheek, with
  • tongues wag

also see:

  • bite one's tongue
  • cat got someone's tongue
  • hold one's tongue
  • keep a civil tongue
  • on the tip of one's tongue
  • slip of the lip (tongue)
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.