- the detailed mapping or charting of the features of a relatively small area, district, or locality.
- the detailed description, especially by means of surveying, of particular localities, as cities, towns, or estates.
- the relief features or surface configuration of an area.
- the features, relations, or configuration of a structural entity.
- a schema of a structural entity, as of the mind, a field of study, or society, reflecting a division into distinct areas having a specific relation or a specific position relative to one another.
Origin of topography
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for topographical
Each writer or artist has been asked to “explore subjects in a topographical manner.”Crazy Cartography: Artists and Writers Conjure a Slew of Imaginative Maps
April 13, 2014
For topographical reasons it is very likely that the city of Megiddo was at Lejjoon.Byeways in Palestine
Aside from these things, the topographical difficulties were immense.South American Fights and Fighters
Cyrus Townsend Brady
The topographical situation was as Ling Chu had described it.The Daffodil Mystery
It is in their topographical surroundings only that they differ.On the Heels of De Wet
The Intelligence Officer
It is naturally in principle a work of topographical and architectural purpose.Hilaire Belloc
C. Creighton Mandell
- the study or detailed description of the surface features of a region
- the detailed mapping of the configuration of a region
- the land forms or surface configuration of a region
- the surveying of a region's surface features
- the study or description of the configuration of any object
Word Origin and History for topographical
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
- The description of the regions of the body or of a body part, especially the regions of a definite and limited area of the surface.
- The three-dimensional arrangement of physical attributes (such as shape, height, and depth) of a land surface in a place or region. Physical features that make up the topography of an area include mountains, valleys, plains, and bodies of water. Human-made features such as roads, railroads, and landfills are also often considered part of a region's topography.
- The detailed description or drawing of the physical features of a place or region, especially in the form of contour maps.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.