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transfer RNA

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noun Genetics.
a small RNA molecule, consisting of a strand of nucleotides folded into a clover-leaf shape, that picks up an unattached amino acid within the cell cytoplasm and conveys it to the ribosome for protein synthesis. Abbreviation: tRNA
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Also called soluble RNA .

Origin of transfer RNA

First recorded in 1960–65
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023

British Dictionary definitions for transfer RNA

transfer RNA

noun
biochem any of several soluble forms of RNA of low molecular weight, each of which transports a specific amino acid to a ribosome during protein synthesisSometimes shortened to: t-RNA Also called: soluble RNA See also messenger RNA, genetic code
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for transfer RNA

transfer RNA
[ trănsfər ]

See under RNA.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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