- a recurrent fever, often suffered by soldiers in trenches in World War I, caused by a rickettsia transmitted by the body louse.
Origin of trench fever
First recorded in 1910–15
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for trench fever
We're immensely merry—all except the trench-fever case who has conceived an immense sorrow for himself.
In my ambulance there are two leg-cases with most theatrical bandages, and one case of trench-fever.
There were also many victims of the prevailing epidemics of trench-fever and rabid influenza.Cavalry of the Clouds
- an acute infectious disease characterized by fever and muscular aches and pains, caused by the microorganism Rickettsia quintana and transmitted by the bite of a body louse
- An acute infectious disease characterized by chills and fever, caused by the microorganism Rickettsia quintana, and transmitted by the louse Pediculus humanus.