trypsin

[ trip-sin ]
/ ˈtrɪp sɪn /
|

noun Biochemistry.

a proteolytic enzyme of the pancreatic juice, capable of converting proteins into peptone.

Nearby words

  1. trypanosomiasis,
  2. trypanosomicide,
  3. trypanosomid,
  4. tryparsamide,
  5. trypophobia,
  6. trypsinogen,
  7. tryptamine,
  8. tryptic,
  9. tryptophan,
  10. tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase

Origin of trypsin

1875–80; irregular < Greek trîps(is) friction (trī́b(ein) to rub + -sis -sis) + -in2; so called because first obtained by rubbing the pancreas

Related formstryp·tic [trip-tik] /ˈtrɪp tɪk/, adjective

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for tryptic


British Dictionary definitions for tryptic

trypsin

/ (ˈtrɪpsɪn) /

noun

an enzyme occurring in pancreatic juice: it catalyses the hydrolysis of proteins to peptides and is secreted from the pancreas in the form of trypsinogenSee also chymotrypsin
Derived Formstryptic (ˈtrɪptɪk), adjective

Word Origin for trypsin

C19 tryp-, from Greek tripsis a rubbing, from tribein to rub + -in; referring to the fact that it was originally produced by rubbing the pancreas with glycerine

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for tryptic
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for tryptic

tryptic

[ trĭptĭk ]

adj.

Relating to or resulting from trypsin.

trypsin

[ trĭpsĭn ]

n.

An enzyme of pancreatic juice that hydrolyzes proteins into smaller polypeptide units.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for tryptic

trypsin

[ trĭpsĭn ]

An enzyme that aids digestion by breaking down proteins. It is produced by the pancreas and secreted into the small intestine, where it catalyzes the cleavage of peptide bonds connecting arginine or lysine to other amino acids.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.