- a republic in central in Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, Iran, and Afghanistan. 188,417 sq. mi. (488,000 sq. km). Capital: Ashkhabad.
Also called Turkomen.Formerly Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for turkmenistan
The giant irrigation projects began in the 1960s in the dry lands of Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan.The Aral Sea's Disappearing Act
October 4, 2014
To the north, Jowzjan borders on the Amu Darya River and Turkmenistan, a former part of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.The Warlord Who Defines Afghanistan: An Excerpt From Bruce Riedel’s ’What We Won’
July 27, 2014
They are important in a way that a Kyrgyzstan or a Turkmenistan simply is not.What Bret Stephens Said At Yeshiva University
October 25, 2013
Tehran has been actively working against Israeli-Turkmen relations, but Turkmenistan has fiercely asserted its neutrality.Israel Looks to Eurasia to Achieve Top Energy and National Security Goals
October 11, 2013
Her route is well planned, yet somewhere—on the streets of Tehran, in a yurt in Turkmenistan—Lin-Liu loses her way.This Week’s Hot Reads: July 29, 2013
Jessica Ferri, Damaris Colhoun
July 29, 2013
- a republic in central Asia: the area has been occupied by a succession of empires; a Turkmen state was established in the 15th century but suffered almost continual civil strife and was gradually conquered by Russia; in 1918 it became a Soviet republic and gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991: deserts including the Kara Kum cover most of the region; agricultural communities are concentrated around oases; there are rich mineral deposits. Official language: Turkmen. Religion: believers are mainly Muslim. Currency: manat. Capital: Ashkhabad. Pop: 5 113 040 (2013 est). Area: 488 100 sq km (186 400 sq miles)
[(turk-men-uh-stan, turk-men-uh-stahn, turk-men-uh-stan)]
This former member of the Soviet Union declared its independence in 1991.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.