[ ih-ran, ih-rahn, ahy-ran ]


  1. a republic in SW Asia. About 635,000 sq. mi. (1,644,650 sq. km). : Teheran.



abbreviation for

  1. Iranian.


/ ɪˈrɑːn /


  1. a republic in SW Asia, between the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf: a monarchy until an Islamic revolution in 1979 headed by the Ayatollah Khomeini when the Shah was obliged to leave the country. Consists chiefly of a high central desert plateau almost completely surrounded by mountains, a semitropical fertile region along the Caspian coast, and a hot and dry area beside the Persian Gulf. Oil is the most important export. Official language: Persian (Iranian or Farsi). Official religion: Muslim majority. Currency: rial. Capital: Tehran. Pop: 79 853 900 (2013 est). Area: 1 647 050 sq km (635 932 sq miles) Former name (until 1935)Persia Official nameIslamic Republic of Iran See also Persian Empire


  1. Republic in the Middle East , bordered by Armenia , the Caspian Sea , Turkmenistan , and Azerbaijan to the north; Afghanistan and Pakistan to the east; the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf to the south; and Iraq and Turkey to the west. Its capital and largest city is Teheran .

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In 1979, Iranian militants attacked the U.S. embassy and seized hostages, including sixty-two Americans, who were held until 1981.
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini ruled from 1979 until his death in 1989, imposing strict Islamic law.
The United States supported the regime of the shah (king) Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, who was forced by popular opposition to leave the country in 1979.
The 1990s saw some moderating elements emerge to challenge the conservative heirs to Khomeini.
The Iranian government was widely believed to have controlled the taking of U. S. hostages in Lebanon . ( See Iran-Contra affair .)
Core of the ancient Persian Empire , Iran was known as Persia until 1935.
Iraq unsuccessfully invaded Iran in 1980.

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How does Iran compare to similar and commonly confused words? Explore the most common comparisons:

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Example Sentences

The American Founding Fathers, rum dealers and missionaries were all drawn to Iran.

She seeks internal documents from the bank, including compliance and risk evaluations, to prove that she did not mischaracterize Huawei’s business dealings in Iran.

From Quartz

The United States on Thursday carried out an airstrike against facilities in Syria linked to an Iran-backed militia group, the Pentagon announced.

From Axios

Although she is free to drive, travel, train and race in Iran, men by law can still prevent their wives from traveling outside the country.

Since then, Iran has changed internally, and its place in the region is very different.

From Time

“Under Suleimani several military branches have taken shape [in Iraq] which are run by Iran and the Iranian military,” he said.

I asked her how her trainers, born and raised in Iran, have learned how to teach hip-hop.

Slowly, slowly, dance classes may cease to be such secret and guilty pleasures in Iran.

She attends hip-hop and belly dance classes (known as Arabic dance in Iran) just to shine more at parties.

Within a few years, Iran had jailed or driven from the country more than 60 Sunni clerics.

The history of Iran too offers a sufficient number of examples, in which even slaves became the mothers of kings.

The term as commercially used is only as comprehensive and expressive as “Iran” applied to the Persians.

Proposals to deliver certain kinds of machinery also cropped up in Soviet agreements with India and Iran.

In practice, there are very few intransit shipments through Iran.

The Persians are, like ourselves, immortal; their language had passed a long way beyond the limits of Iran.





IráklionIran-Contra affair