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conservative

[kuh n-sur-vuh-tiv]
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adjective
  1. disposed to preserve existing conditions, institutions, etc., or to restore traditional ones, and to limit change.
  2. cautiously moderate or purposefully low: a conservative estimate.
  3. traditional in style or manner; avoiding novelty or showiness: conservative suit.
  4. (often initial capital letter) of or relating to the Conservative party.
  5. (initial capital letter) of, relating to, or characteristic of Conservative Jews or Conservative Judaism.
  6. having the power or tendency to conserve or preserve.
  7. Mathematics. (of a vector or vector function) having curl equal to zero; irrotational; lamellar.
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noun
  1. a person who is conservative in principles, actions, habits, etc.
  2. a supporter of conservative political policies.
  3. (initial capital letter) a member of a conservative political party, especially the Conservative party in Great Britain.
  4. a preservative.
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Origin of conservative

1350–1400; < Late Latin conservātīvus, equivalent to Latin conservāt(us) (see conservation) + -īvus -ive; replacing Middle English conservatif < Middle French < Latin, as above
Related formscon·serv·a·tive·ly, adverbcon·serv·a·tive·ness, nounan·ti·con·serv·a·tive, adjective, nounan·ti·con·serv·a·tive·ly, adverban·ti·con·serv·a·tive·ness, nounhalf-con·serv·a·tive, adjectivehalf-con·serv·a·tive·ly, adverbhy·per·con·serv·a·tive, adjective, nounhy·per·con·serv·a·tive·ly, adverbhy·per·con·serv·a·tive·ness, nounnon·con·ser·va·tive, adjective, nouno·ver·con·serv·a·tive, adjectiveo·ver·con·serv·a·tive·ly, adverbo·ver·con·serv·a·tive·ness, nounpseu·do·con·serv·a·tive, adjectivepseu·do·con·serv·a·tive·ly, adverbqua·si-con·serv·a·tive, adjectivequa·si-con·serv·a·tive·ly, adverbsem·i·con·serv·a·tive, adjectivesem·i·con·serv·a·tive·ly, adverbsu·per·con·serv·a·tive, adjectivesu·per·con·serv·a·tive·ly, adverbsu·per·con·serv·a·tive·ness, nounun·con·serv·a·tive, adjectiveun·con·serv·a·tive·ly, adverbun·con·serv·a·tive·ness, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for conservative

traditional, timid, reactionary, middle-of-the-road, moderate, traditionalist, firm, right, constant, redneck, steady, quiet, fuddy-duddy, stable, bourgeois, Tory, stick-in-the-mud, diehard, rightist, preserver

Examples from the Web for conservative

Contemporary Examples of conservative

Historical Examples of conservative

  • But among the veteran speculators the feeling was conservative.

    The Spenders

    Harry Leon Wilson

  • It is a negative power, and is conservative in its character.

  • He was strongly opposed by the Conservative Marquis of Chandos.

    The Grand Old Man

    Richard B. Cook

  • I tried to be conservative in my description, because I did not wish to be accused of exaggeration.

    The Forest

    Stewart Edward White

  • She is the living, distilled essence of Conservative mothers.

    The Coryston Family

    Mrs. Humphry Ward


British Dictionary definitions for conservative

conservative

adjective
  1. favouring the preservation of established customs, values, etc, and opposing innovation
  2. of, characteristic of, or relating to conservatism
  3. tending to be moderate or cautiousa conservative estimate
  4. conventional in style or typea conservative suit
  5. med (of treatment) designed to alleviate symptomsCompare radical (def. 4)
  6. physics a field of force, system, etc, in which the work done moving a body from one point to another is independent of the path taken between themelectrostatic fields of force are conservative
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noun
  1. a person who is reluctant to change or consider new ideas; conformist
  2. a supporter or advocate of conservatism
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adjective, noun
  1. a less common word for preservative
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Derived Formsconservatively, adverbconservativeness, noun

Conservative

adjective (in Britain, Canada, and elsewhere)
  1. of, supporting, or relating to a Conservative Party
  2. of, relating to, or characterizing Conservative Judaism
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noun
  1. a supporter or member of a Conservative Party
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for conservative

adj.

late 14c., conservatyf, from Middle French conservatif, from Late Latin conservativus, from Latin conservatus, past participle of conservare (see conserve).

As a modern political tradition, conservatism traces to Edmund Burke's opposition to the French Revolution (1790), but the word conservative is not found in his writing. It was coined by his French disciples, (e.g. Chateaubriand, who titled his journal defending clerical and political restoration "Le Conservateur").

Conservative as the name of a British political faction first appeared in an 1830 issue of the "Quarterly Review," in an unsigned article sometimes attributed to John Wilson Croker. It replaced Tory (q.v.) by 1843, reflecting both a change from the pejorative name (in use for 150 years) and repudiation of some reactionary policies. Extended to similar spirits in other parties from 1845.

Strictly speaking, conservatism is not a political system, but rather a way of looking at the civil order. The conservative of Peru ... will differ greatly from those of Australia, for though they may share a preference for things established, the institutions and customs which they desire to preserve are not identical. [Russell Kirk (1918-1994)]

Phrases such as a conservative estimate make no sense etymologically. The noun is attested from 1831, originally in the British political sense.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

conservative in Medicine

conservative

(kən-sûrvə-tĭv)
adj.
  1. Of or relating to treatment by gradual, limited, or well-established procedures; not radical.
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Related formscon•serva•tive•ly adv.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

conservative in Culture

conservative

A descriptive term for persons, policies, and beliefs associated with conservatism.

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The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.