conservation

[kon-ser-vey-shuhn]
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noun
  1. the act of conserving; prevention of injury, decay, waste, or loss; preservation: conservation of wildlife; conservation of human rights.
  2. official supervision of rivers, forests, and other natural resources in order to preserve and protect them through prudent management.
  3. a district, river, forest, etc., under such supervision.
  4. the careful utilization of a natural resource in order to prevent depletion.
  5. the restoration and preservation of works of art.

Origin of conservation

1350–1400; Middle English conservacioun < Latin conservātiōn- (stem of conservātiō), equivalent to conservāt(us) (past participle of conservāre to conserve; see -ate1) + -iōn- -ion
Related formscon·ser·va·tion·al, adjectivean·ti·con·ser·va·tion, noun, adjectivenon·con·ser·va·tion, nounnon·con·ser·va·tion·al, adjectivepro·con·ser·va·tion, adjectiveself-con·ser·va·tion, noun

Synonyms for conservation

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Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018


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British Dictionary definitions for conservation

conservation

noun
  1. the act or an instance of conserving or keeping from change, loss, injury, etc
    1. protection, preservation, and careful management of natural resources and of the environment
    2. (as modifier)a conservation area
Derived Formsconservational, adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for conservation
n.

late 14c., conservacioun, "preservation of one's health and soundness," from Latin conservationem (nominative conservatio) "a keeping, preserving, conserving," noun of action from past participle stem of conservare (see conserve). Meaning "preservation of existing conditions" in any sense is from mid-15c. Since late 15c., in reference to English municipal authorities who had charge of rivers, sewers, forests, fisheries, etc. Specifically of the environment from 1922.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

conservation in Science

conservation

[kŏn′sûr-vāshən]
  1. The protection, preservation, management, or restoration of natural environments and the ecological communities that inhabit them. Conservation is generally held to include the management of human use of natural resources for current public benefit and sustainable social and economic utilization.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.