Also called typhoid fever. an infectious, often fatal, febrile disease, usually of the summer months, characterized by intestinal inflammation and ulceration, caused by the typhoid bacillus, which is usually introduced with food or drink.


resembling typhus; typhous.

Origin of typhoid

First recorded in 1790–1800; typh(us) + -oid
Related formsan·ti·ty·phoid, adjectivepre·ty·phoid, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for typhoid

Contemporary Examples of typhoid

Historical Examples of typhoid

  • When I last wrote, on the Somme in 1915, I was sickening with typhoid fever.

    Ballads of a Bohemian

    Robert W. Service

  • The doctor pronounced it typhoid and he was with us for nine weeks.

    The Harbor

    Ernest Poole

  • I was passing on my way to see a poor labourer with typhoid.

  • And did not he die of typhoid within two weeks of committing that foolishness?

    The Golden Woman

    Ridgwell Cullum

  • Typhoid and malarial cases, sent in from the lines, were also here in abundance.

    The Long Roll

    Mary Johnston

British Dictionary definitions for typhoid


adjective Also: typhoidal

resembling typhus


short for typhoid fever
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for typhoid

1800, literally "resembling typhus," from typhus + suffix from Greek -oeides "like," from eidos "form, shape" (see -oid). The noun is from 1861, a shortened form of typhoid fever (1845), so called because it was originally thought to be a variety of typhus. Typhoid Mary (1909) was Mary Mallon (d.1938), a typhoid carrier who worked as a cook and became notorious after it was learned she had unwittingly infected hundreds in U.S.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for typhoid




Typhoid fever.


Of, relating to, or resembling typhoid fever.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.