[suhm-uh n]

verb (used with object)

to call upon to do something specified.
to call for the presence of, as by command, message, or signal; call.
to call or notify to appear at a specified place, especially before a court: to summon a defendant.
to authorize or order a gathering of; call together by authority, as for deliberation or action: to summon parliament.
to call into action; rouse; call forth (often. followed by up): to summon all one's courage.

Origin of summon

1175–1225; < Medieval Latin summonēre to summon, Latin: to remind unofficially, suggest, equivalent to sum- sum- + monēre to remind, warn; replacing Middle English somonen < Old French semondre, somondre < Vulgar Latin *summonere, Latin summonēre, as above
Related formssum·mon·a·ble, adjectivesum·mon·er, nounre·sum·mon, verb (used with object)un·sum·mon·a·ble, adjectiveun·sum·moned, adjective

Synonym study

1–3. See call. Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for unsummoned

Historical Examples of unsummoned

  • Had it been in the next room, unsummoned I could make no use of my knowledge.

  • The Archbishop of Sens prevailed on Becket to be, unsummoned, in the neighborhood.

    Life of Thomas Becket

    Henry Hart Milman

  • The last question was addressed to Hedges, who had come in unsummoned.

    Elster's Folly

    Mrs. Henry Wood

  • When he had dismissed the last one and thought himself alone, a late-comer entered, unexpected and unsummoned.

    Martin Eden

    Jack London

  • Unsummoned there visited him a melody, heard long since, the accompaniment of a song of love.

    A Transient Guest

    Edgar Saltus

British Dictionary definitions for unsummoned


verb (tr)

to order to come; send for, esp to attend court, by issuing a summons
to order or instruct (to do something) or call (to something)the bell summoned them to their work
to call upon to meet or convene
(often foll by up) to muster or gather (one's strength, courage, etc)
Derived Formssummonable, adjective

Word Origin for summon

C13: from Latin summonēre to give a discreet reminder, from monēre to advise
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for unsummoned



c.1200, from Anglo-French, Old French sumundre "summon," from Vulgar Latin *summundre "to call, cite," from Latin summonere "hint to," from sub "under" + monere "warn, advise" (see monitor (n.)). Summons "authoritative call to be at a certain place for a certain purpose" is late 13c., from Old French sumunse, noun use of fem. past participle of somondre. Summoner "petty officer who cites persons to appear in court" is from early 14c.; contracted form sumner is from mid-14c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper