all up with, at or approaching the end of; with defeat or ruin imminent for: He realized it was all up with him when the search party began to close in.
    go up in one's lines. line1(def 71).
    on the up and up, Informal. frank; honest; sincere: He seems to be on the up and up.Also on the up-and-up.
    straight up. straight(def 34).
    up against, faced or confronted with: They were up against formidable obstacles.
    up against it, in a difficult situation, especially in financial straits: There was no one to help him when he was up against it.
    up and around, recovered from an illness; able to leave one's bed.Also up and about.
    up and doing, Informal. actively engaged; alert; busy: During her convalescence she longed to be up and doing.
    up and down,
    1. back and forth; backward and forward: He paced up and down.
    2. from top to bottom or head to toe: She looked me up and down before replying.
    up for, considered as eligible or as a possibility for (something): The child is up for adoption. Three actresses are up for the role.
    up to,
    1. as far as or approaching (a certain part, degree, point, etc.): She went wading up to her knees. I am up to the eighth lesson.
    2. in full realization or attainment of: He worked up to president of the company.
    3. as many as; to the limit of: The car will seat up to five persons.
    4. having adequate powers or ability for; capable of; equal to: He didn't think I was up to the job.
    5. the duty or responsibility of; incumbent upon: It's up to you to break the news to him.
    6. engaged in; contriving; doing: What have you been up to lately?
    up your ass, Slang: Vulgar. shove1(def 8).Also up yours.

Origin of up

before 900; Middle English up(pe) (adv.), Old English up(p) to a higher position, uppe in a higher position; cognate with Old Frisian up, Old Saxon up, Middle Dutch up, op, Old Norse upp; akin to Old High German ūf (> German auf), Gothic iup Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

British Dictionary definitions for up against it



indicating movement from a lower to a higher positionclimbing up a mountain
at a higher or further level or position in or onsoot up the chimney; a shop up the road


(often particle) to an upward, higher, or erect position, esp indicating readiness for an activitylooking up at the stars; up and doing something
(particle) indicating intensity or completion of an actionhe tore up the cheque; drink up now!
to the place referred to or where the speaker isthe man came up and asked the way
  1. to a more important placeup to London
  2. to a more northerly placeup to Scotland
  3. (of a member of some British universities) to or at university
  4. in a particular part of the countryup north
above the horizonthe sun is up
appearing for trialup before the magistrate
having gainedten pounds up on the deal
higher in pricecoffee is up again
raised (for discussion, etc)the plan was up for consideration
taughtwell up in physics
(functioning as imperative) get, stand, etc, upup with you!
all up with informal
  1. over; finished
  2. doomed to die
up with (functioning as imperative) wanting the beginning or continuation ofup with the monarchy!
something's up informal something strange is happening
up against
  1. touching
  2. having to cope withlook what we're up against now
up and running in operation; functioning properly
up for
  1. as a candidate or applicant forhe's up for re-election again
  2. informalkeen or willing to tryshe's up for anything
up for it informal keen or willing to try something out or make a good effortit's a big challenge and I'm up for it
up to
  1. devising or scheming; occupied withshe's up to no good
  2. dependent or incumbent uponthe decision is up to you
  3. equal to (a challenge, etc) or capable of (doing, etc)are you up to playing in the final?
  4. aware ofup to a person's tricks
  5. as far asup to his waist in mud
  6. as many asup to two years' waiting time
  7. comparable withnot up to your normal standard
up top informal in the head or mind
up yours slang a vulgar expression of contempt or refusal
what's up? informal
  1. what is the matter?
  2. what is happening?


(predicative) of a high or higher position
(predicative) out of bed; awakethe children aren't up yet
(prenominal) of or relating to a train or trains to a more important place or one regarded as higherthe up platform
(predicative) over or completedthe examiner announced that their time was up
(predicative) beating one's opponent by a specified amountthree goals up by half-time

verb ups, upping or upped

(tr) to increase or raise
(intr; foll by and with a verb) informal to do (something) suddenly, unexpectedly, etcshe upped and married someone else


high point; good or pleasant period (esp in the phrase ups and downs)
slang another word (esp US) for upper (def. 9)
on the up and up
  1. trustworthy or honest
  2. Britishon the upward trend or movementour firm's on the up and up
up oneself slang self-absorbed or arroganthe's so up himself

Word Origin for up

Old English upp; related to Old Saxon, Old Norse up, Old High German ūf, Gothic iup


The use of up before until is redundant and should be avoided: the talks will continue until (not up until) 23rd March


abbreviation for

United Press
Uttar Pradesh
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for up against it



earliest recorded sense is "to drive and catch (swans)," 1560, from up (adv.). Meaning "to get up, rise to one's feet" (as in up and leave) is recorded from 1643. Sense of "to move upward" is recorded from 1737. Meaning "increase" (as in up the price of oil) is attested from 1915. Cf. Old English verb uppian "to rise." Upping block is attested from 1796.



Old English up, uppe, from Proto-Germanic *upp- "up" (cf. Old Frisian up; Old Norse upp; Danish, Dutch op; Old High German uf, German auf "up"; Gothic iup "up, upward," uf "on, upon, under;" OHG oba, German ob "over, above, on, upon"), from PIE root *upo "up from below" (cf. Sanskrit upa "near, under, up to, on," Greek hypo "under, below," Latin sub "under;" see sub-).

Meaning "exhilarated, happy" first attested 1815. Musical up tempo (adj.) is recorded from 1948. Up-and-coming "promising" is from 1848. Phrase on the up-(and-up) "honest, straightforward" first attested 1863, American English. Up the river "in jail" first recorded 1891, originally in reference to Sing Sing, which is up the Hudson from New York City. To drive someone up the wall (1951) is from the notion of the behavior of lunatics or caged animals. Insulting retort up yours (scil. ass) attested by late 19c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with up against it


In addition to the idioms beginning with up

  • up a creek
  • up against
  • up and about
  • up and at 'em
  • up a tree
  • up for grabs
  • up front
  • up in arms
  • up in the air
  • up one's alley
  • up one's sleeve
  • up on something, be
  • ups and downs
  • upside the head
  • up the creek
  • up the river
  • up the wall
  • up to
  • up to a point
  • up to date
  • up to no good
  • up to one's ears
  • up to one's old tricks
  • up to par
  • up yours

also see:

  • act up
  • add up
  • add up to
  • all shook up
  • all up
  • ante up
  • back up
  • ball up
  • bang up
  • bark up the wrong tree
  • bear up
  • beat up
  • beef up
  • bid up
  • blow up
  • bob up
  • bone up
  • boot up
  • bottle up
  • bound up in
  • brace up
  • break up
  • bring up
  • bring up the rear
  • bring up to date
  • brush up
  • buckle up
  • buck up
  • buddy up
  • build up
  • bump up
  • burn up
  • butter up
  • button up
  • buy up
  • call up
  • camp it up
  • card up one's sleeve
  • catch up
  • chalk up
  • charge up
  • chat up
  • cheer up
  • choke up
  • choose up
  • clam up
  • clean up
  • clear up
  • clock up
  • close up
  • cloud over (up)
  • come (up) from behind
  • come up
  • come up against
  • come up roses
  • come up with
  • cook up
  • cough up
  • cover up
  • cozy up
  • cracked up
  • crack up
  • crank up
  • crap up
  • creep up on
  • crop up
  • cross up
  • curl up
  • cut up
  • dead from the neck up
  • dig up
  • doll up
  • double up
  • do up
  • draw up
  • dream up
  • dress up
  • drum up
  • dry up
  • ease off (up)
  • eat out (someone up)
  • eat up
  • end up
  • face up to
  • fed to the gills (up)
  • feel up
  • feel up to
  • figure up
  • fire up
  • fit out (up)
  • fix up
  • fix up with
  • flare up
  • fold up
  • follow up
  • foul up
  • from the ground up
  • fuck up
  • game is up
  • gang up
  • gas up
  • get someone's back up
  • get up
  • get up on the wrong side of bed
  • get up steam
  • give oneself up
  • give up
  • give up the ghost
  • go belly up
  • goof up
  • go up
  • go up in flames
  • grow up
  • gum up
  • ham up
  • hands up
  • hang up
  • hard up
  • haul up
  • have had it (up to here)
  • heads up
  • head up
  • heat up
  • hit up
  • hold one's end up
  • hold one's head high (up)
  • hold up
  • hole up
  • hook up
  • hopped up
  • hurry up and wait
  • hush up
  • jack up
  • jazz up
  • juice up
  • keep it up
  • keep one's chin up
  • keep (someone) up
  • key up
  • kick up
  • kick up a fuss
  • kick up one's heels
  • kiss and make up
  • knock up
  • laid up
  • land in (up)
  • lap up
  • lark it up
  • laugh up one's sleeve
  • lay in (up)
  • lead down (up) the garden path
  • lead up to
  • leg up
  • let up
  • lighten up
  • light up
  • line up
  • live it up
  • live up to
  • lock up
  • look over (up and down)
  • look up
  • louse up
  • make up
  • make up for lost time
  • make up one's mind
  • make up to
  • mark up
  • measure up
  • meet up with
  • mess up
  • mix it up
  • mix up
  • mop up
  • mop up the floor with
  • move up
  • muck up
  • not all it's cracked up to be
  • number's up
  • one up
  • on the up-and-up
  • open up
  • own up
  • pair off (up)
  • pass up
  • patch up
  • pay up
  • pep someone up
  • perk up
  • pick up
  • pick up on
  • pile up
  • pipe up
  • play up
  • play up to
  • pluck up
  • point up
  • pony up
  • pop up
  • prick up one's ears
  • psych up
  • pull oneself up
  • pull up
  • pull up stakes
  • pump up
  • push up daisies
  • put one's feet up
  • put someone up to
  • put up
  • put-up job
  • put up or shut up
  • put up with
  • rack up
  • rake up
  • read up
  • rev up
  • ride up
  • right-side up
  • right up one's alley
  • ring up
  • roll up
  • roll up one's sleeves
  • rough up
  • round up
  • rub up on
  • run (up) against
  • run up
  • rustle up
  • save up for
  • scare up
  • scrape up an acquaintance
  • screw up
  • scrounge around (up)
  • scrub up
  • seal off (up)
  • seize up
  • send up
  • serve up
  • settle up
  • set up
  • set up housekeeping
  • sew up
  • shack up
  • shake up
  • shape up
  • shine up to
  • shoot up
  • shore up
  • shot up
  • show up
  • shut up
  • sign up
  • sit up
  • sit up and take notice
  • size up
  • slip up
  • slow up
  • smell up
  • snap up
  • soak up
  • soften up
  • somebody up there loves me
  • speak out (up)
  • speed up
  • spit up
  • spruce up
  • square up
  • stack up
  • stand up
  • stand up and be counted
  • stand up for
  • stand up to
  • stand up with
  • start up
  • steamed up
  • step up
  • stick up
  • stir up
  • stir up a hornets' nest
  • stop up
  • straighten up
  • straight up
  • string up
  • suck up to
  • suit up
  • sum up
  • take up
  • take up a collection
  • take up arms
  • take up for
  • take up on
  • take up space
  • take up where one left off
  • take up with
  • talk up
  • tank up
  • team up with
  • think up
  • throw up
  • throw up one's hands
  • thumbs up
  • tie up
  • time is up
  • tone down (up)
  • tool up
  • (up) to the hilt
  • touch up
  • trade down (up)
  • trial balloon, send up a
  • trip up
  • trump up
  • tune up
  • turn up
  • turn up one's nose
  • turn up one's toes
  • turn up the heat
  • turn up trumps
  • wait up
  • wake-up call
  • warm up
  • wash up
  • what's cooking (up)
  • what's (up) with
  • whip up
  • whoop it up
  • wind up
  • wise up
  • worked up
  • work one's way (up)
  • work up
  • wrapped up
  • wrap up
  • write up

Also see underupper.

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.