a combining form meaning “deputy,” used in the formation of compound words, usually titles of officials who serve in the absence of the official denoted by the base word: viceroy; vice-chancellor.

Origin of vice-

Middle EnglishLatin vice vice3 Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Word Origin and History for vice-

word-forming element meaning "instead of, in place of," 15c., from Latin vice "in place of," ablative of vicis "change, turn, office" (see vicarious). Sometimes borrowed in Old French form vis-, vi-.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper