a combining form meaning “deputy,” used in the formation of compound words, usually titles of officials who serve in the absence of the official denoted by the base word: viceroy; vice-chancellor.
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Origin of vice-
Middle English ≪ Latin vice vice3
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
word-forming element meaning "instead of, in place of," 15c., from Latin vice "in place of," ablative of vicis "change, turn, office" (see vicarious). Sometimes borrowed in Old French form vis-, vi-.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper