[ kuhv-er-ing ]
What does covering mean?
Covering is the act of hiding or downplaying aspects of one’s identity in order to try to match—or to avoid violating—the norms of a group. This often involves aspects of a person’s identity that they believe will be viewed negatively or result in mistreatment, such as those related to their culture, ethnicity, gender, or sexuality, among many others.
The term is often used in the context of a person who is a member of a minority group doing this in the presence of a majority group, especially in the workplace.
But it can happen in countless ways, settings, and situations. Here are just a few examples of actions that could be considered covering:
- A Black woman may avoid wearing natural hairstyles or “tone down” qualities of her personality that are associated with negative stereotypes, perhaps by being less assertive during meetings.
- A bisexual man may hide aspects his sexuality, such as by mentioning relationships with women but not men.
- A parent may avoid mentioning that an absence is related to childcare responsibilities, especially in an office environment with few other parents or where parenting issues are rarely discussed openly.
The verb form cover (meaning to perform the act of covering) is sometimes used, but it’s less common.
Example: Covering adds another layer of stress for workers who don’t feel comfortable being their authentic selves at work.
Where does covering come from?
The term covering is based on the general sense of the verb cover that means “to hide from view.” The term and concept of covering was popularized by author Kenji Yoshino and his 2006 book Covering: The Hidden Assault on our Civil Rights. Yoshino also used the term earlier, in a 2002 article in the Yale Law Journal. This special sense of the term covering and the theory behind it is often credited to sociologist Erving Goffman, who wrote about the concept in his 1963 book Stigma: Notes on the Management of Spoiled Identity.
Modern usage of the term often implies either downplaying or concealment of a person’s true identity or one or more parts of it.
Examples of covering
Who uses covering?
Today, the word covering is often used in the discussion of workplace initiatives (especially diversity, equity, and inclusion programs) whose goal is to change work environments so that employees do not feel that they need to engage in covering.
Covering: downplaying aspects of identity to assimilate with dominant culture. How do you cover in professional spaces? #BeBraveNASPA17
— Tiffany S. Conde (@ClassyConde) March 13, 2017
Attending (virtually) #Microsoft #Include2021 conference on #Diversity and #Inclusion and enjoying it immensely! I have learned a lot in these packed segments especially on covering and how organizations can address D&I. Well done Microsoft.
— Rehab Alnemr (@roubz80) March 17, 2021
“Covering”! I’ve learned something new today #inclusion
I am happy to work somwhere I can be my authentic, paininthearse, opinionated, disruptive, female, black, loud, enthusiastic, geeky, fashionista self @workforsky #SkyTech2018
— ReneeNo17 (@ReneeNo17) September 11, 2018
This is not meant to be a formal definition of covering like most terms we define on Dictionary.com, but is rather an informal word summary that hopefully touches upon the key aspects of the meaning and usage of covering that will help our users expand their word mastery.