Confederate flag

or rebel flag

[kuhn-fed-er-it] or [reb-uh l flag]

What does Confederate flag mean?

The Confederate flag is a flag that was used by the seceded Southern states, or the Confederacy, during the Civil War. While the Confederacy used three different flags, the flag most commonly called the Confederate flag was its battle flag.


While for some the Confederate flag is a statement of Southern pride, over the years it has come to be viewed by many as an offensive and racist symbol.

Examples of Confederate flag


Examples of Confederate flag
Growing up in Alabama, you would think Dale's number 3 bumper sticker and the rebel flag were bffs. Never saw one without the other.
@LaJethroJenkins, September 2017
In the worst of tragedies, we have seen the best of South Carolina. Today, I am urging that the Confederate Battle Flag be removed from statehouse grounds to an appropriate location. After the tragic, hate-filled shooting in Charleston, it is only appropriate that we deal once and for all with the issue of the flag.
Lindsey Graham quoted by Arlette Saenz, ABC, June 2015
“Near the end of a recent campaign event in Roanoke, Stewart brought out the Confederate flag while recording on Facebook Live, the Times-Dispatch reported. ‘Folks, this is a symbol of heritage. It is not a symbol of racism. It is not a symbol of slavery,’ Stewart said at the March 18 event. ‘I’m proud to be here with this flag.’”
Taylor Link,  Salon, March 2017

Where does Confederate flag come from?

Confederate flag
ANC Report

From 1860–61, 11 slave-holding states seceded from the US, forming the Confederate States of America, or the Confederacy, triggering the Civil War. In 1861, the Confederacy adopted its first of three national flags, known as the Stars and Bars. The Stars and Bars had a blue canton, or upper corner, with white stars, symbolizing the seceded states, and red and white stripes.

Its similarity to the US flag made it unpopular with some Confederates. One, named William Porcher Miles, had suggested an alternative design to the Confederate Congress, a red flag with two thick blue diagonal lines and 13 white stars, standing for the 11 seceded states plus Kentucky and Missouri. This design became what we know as the Confederate flag today.


The resemblance of the Stars and Bars to the US flag led to confusion at the 1861 Battle of Bull Run, one of the first major battles of the Civil War. Afterward, Confederate General Pierre Gustave Toutant-Beauregard adopted Miles’s flag as a battle flag for his troops.

In 1863, the Confederate States adopted a new national flag, with the battle flag in the upper corner and the rest of the flag in white. Two years later, a vertical red stripe was added to the Confederate national flag, but this flag was short lived, as the Confederacy surrendered only a month later.

Following the end of the Civil War, Confederate veteran groups used the battle flag in memorials to fallen soldiers. In 1894, the state of Mississippi adopted a flag using the Confederate battle flag as its canton, with blue, white, and red horizontal stripes.

The Confederate flag began to be used more prominently in the 1940s. In 1948, student groups flew the Confederate flag at the Southern States Rights Party (also known as the “Dixiecrat” party) convention. The Dixiecrats opposed civil rights measures in the Democratic Party’s platform. The United Daughters of the Confederacy issued a statement at the time opposing use of the flag “in certain demonstrations of college groups and some political groups.”

Georgia changed its state flag to include the Confederate flag in 1956. The state’s previous flags, used from 1879 to 1956, were based on the Stars and Bars. Georgia adopted a new state flag in 2000, which contained a small inset image of the 1956 flag, along with other historical flags. This was replaced again in 2003 with a flag resembling the Stars and Bars.

In 1961, South Carolina began to fly the Confederate flag over its state house. In 2000, the flag over the state house was removed, at the request of civil rights activists, but a smaller one was raised on the state house lawn. The Confederate flag was notably removed from the South Carolina State House grounds in July 2015 following the shooting of nine black parishioners at a South Carolina church. Photographs of the shooter, an avowed white supremacist, showed him posing with the flag.

In 2000, Mississippi held a statewide vote to consider changing the state flag, but the measure was defeated. Mississippi is the only state whose flag currently features the Confederate flag.

Image result for flag of mississippi

Rogelio V. Solis/AP

Many in the South consider the Confederate flag a symbol of regional pride, though others associate the flag with racism. As the Anti-Defamation League notes: “While a number of non-extremists still use the flag as a symbol of Southern heritage or pride, there is growing recognition, especially outside the South, that the symbol is offensive to many Americans.”

A member of the American Knights of the Ku Klux Klan waves the Confederate flag during a klan rally on the steps of the Warrick County courthouse in Boonville, Ind., on Saturday, Oct. 17, 1998. (AP Photo/Evansville Press, Jonna Spelbring)


The Confederate flag is also called the rebel flag, as Unionists sometimes called Confederates “rebels,” or the Dixie flag, with Dixie a historic nickname for the South.

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