don’t tread on me

[dohnt tred on mee]

What does don’t tread on me mean?

Originating as a motto on an iconic Revolutionary War flag, don’t tread on me is a historic expression of American patriotism. Today, it may be used as a more general expression of personal freedom and individualism.

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In the 2000s, the phrase became associated with a variety of libertarian, conservative, gun-rights, and far-right political groups as way to express their different beliefs.

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Examples of don’t tread on me

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Examples of don’t tread on me
Good luck infringing our constitutional rights. #DontTreadOnMe
@taya_andresen, September 2019
So, like they say, don't tread on me. I'm happy. I don't need all the money in the world to be happy.
@MerryandMelody, September 2019
They were anti-regulation, pro small business, pro Second Amendment, suspicious of people on welfare, sensitive (in a ‘Don’t tread on me’ way) about any infringement whatsoever on their freedom.
George Saunders, The New Yorker, July 11 2016

Where does don’t tread on me come from?

don't tread on me
Wikipedia

Don’t tread on me began on the so-called Gadsden flag, which features a rattlesnake coiled above the expression on a yellow background. The flag was first flown on a warship in 1775 as a battle cry for American independence from British rule. It’s credited to Christopher Gadsden, a soldier and politician from South Carolina.

Wikipedia

The snake was an established symbol for America at the time. Benjamin Franklin notably used it, saying the rattlesnake never backed down when provoked, which captured “the temper and conduct of America.”

The tread in Gadsden’s defiant phrase, don’t tread on me, means “to step, walk, or trample so as to press, crush, or injure something.” And so, with its tongue flicked, fangs out, and body coiled in defense, the rattlesnake (and motto) warns: “If you dare put your foot down on me, I will strike.”

In the 2000–10s, don’t tread on me—and the broader symbolism of Gadsden flag—became increasingly politicized. It was adopted by conservative and libertarian groups, including the Tea Party in 2009 in their platform for small government and lower taxes.

Because some supporters of these groups have been accused of racism, their critics view the flag and motto as an expression of bigotry. In 2014, for instance, a Black US federal employee felt discriminated against by a coworker who wore a hat with the Gadsden imagery. The employee protested that Christopher Gadsden was a “slave trader & owner of slaves,” and that his flag had become a “historical indicator of white resentment against blacks stemming largely from the Tea Party.”

Who uses don’t tread on me?

The different uses and associations of don’t tread on me has made the phrase a loaded expression in contemporary political discourse.

Many Americans—civilians, military personnel, liberals, and conservatives—may use don’t tread on me to express national pride or champion individual rights and freedom. They may also fly the Gadsden flag featuring the motto. The phrase may appear in a variety of other imagery or products, from tattoos to bumper stickers.

The phrase don’t tread on me is associated with a variety of official political groups, including the Libertarian Party and Tea Party. Members of these groups may use don’t tread on me (and the #donttreadonme on social media) to express their beliefs, especially about small government and taxation.

It’s also associated with guns-rights activists and supporters of a broad interpretation to the Second Amendment. They may use don’t tread on me in their opposition to gun control, which they perceive to be infringing on their constitutional rights.

In the 2010s, don’t tread on me also became associated with the alt-right, who espouse white nationalism. They are seen to use don’t tread on me to promote a bigoted vision of race and power in America.

 

Don’t tread on me is referenced elsewhere in culture, too. Metallica released a track in 1991 called “Don’t Tread on Me,” which prominently featured the phrase (and alluded to the Gadsden flag) in its lyrics:

Liberty or Death
What we so proudly hail
Once you provoke her
Rattling of her tail

Never begins it
Never, but once engaged

Never surrenders
Showing the fangs of rage

I sad, “Don’t tread on me”

In a 1995 episode of The Simpsons, Bart writes don’t tread on me on his butt, which he flashes at angry Australians after he escapes punishment from their government.

In the 2010s, the Gadsden flag inspired a ton of parody memes. One substituted a red Lego for the snake. (Because stepping on Lego, as many of us know so well, hurts!) Another, depicting a giant foot stepping on the rattlesnake, riffed on the motto: “I specifically requested the opposite of this.” The snek meme has also inspired some interpretations, such as “no step on snek.”

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