What does spare time mean?
Spare time is free, personal, or leisure time outside of one’s work, school, or other primary obligations.
Where does spare time come from?
Evidence for the phrase spare time can be found since at least the 17th century, using spare literally to mean “extra or additional,” coming from the word’s original sense of “kept in reserve” in the 1400s. The concept of spare time, however, has a long history. Ancient Greek and Roman societies valued the concept of spare time, and many members of society would attend various forms of public entertainment, such as theater or gladiatorial contests.
In the 1500s, Protestantism came to emphasize work ethic over spare time, as many Christians feared leisure would jeopardize the fate of one’s soul after death. Into the 20th century, spare time was traditionally enjoyed by the wealthy, sometimes called the leisure class, who didn’t need to labor in fields—or factories, once the Industrial Revolution kicked off in the 18th century.
Thanks in part to the efforts of labor unions, changing technologies, the growth of the middle class, and compulsory education, the modern school schedule and workweek (Monday to Friday, 9am–5pm) took shape in the 20th century, spawning greater amounts of spare time for students and workers. The phrase spare time proliferated with spare time, becoming synonymous with “a person’s time outside of work and school,” with the implication that it’s free for one to do as they please. A 1939 documentary called Spare Time, for instance, examined the activities that industrial workers did in their spare time.
With the rise of the internet in the 2000s, more people began working from home or remotely (telecommuting ), helping to switch the traditional schedule to a more flexible one that offered more spare time, further aided by the increasing value placed on work-life balance. Many have since observed, however, that flexible schedules and web-based work have compelled people to continue working in their spare time.
Popular spare time activities include the pursuit of various hobbies, amateur sports, exercise and spending time outdoors, reading and writing, enjoying art and culture, traveling and dining—and, of course, binge-watching plenty of Netflix.
Examples of spare time
Who uses spare time?
People widely use spare time in formal and informal speech and writing in reference to what they like to do outside of their education, profession, or principal responsibilities (i.e., in their spare time). Another popular context for spare time is making extra income outside of one’s day job, (e.g., stock-trading).
Spare time, along with the hashtag “#sparetime” on social media, is particularly associated with self-enriching hobbies, such as jewelry-making, woodworking, yoga, or language-learning. If a person is complimented on something they made or accomplished in their spare time, they frequently issue the humblebrag: “Just a little something I do in my spare time.”
The phrase is often heard in contexts where people ironically comment on their lack of spare time (e.g., And when will I do that? In my spare time?). “#sparetime” is sometimes used to this effect on social media.
Spare time has become such a familiar phrase in the lexicon that it has supplied the titles of many other cultural products, as we saw in the 1939 Spare Time. Spare Time Entertainment, for example, is an East Coast-based bowling and gaming center. A 2016 song by Eric Bellinger called “Spare Time” notably features the lyrics: “Come through, come through, what you doing in your spare time? / Come through, come through, can I do you in your spare time?”
This is not meant to be a formal definition of spare time like most terms we define on Dictionary.com, but is rather an informal word summary that hopefully touches upon the key aspects of the meaning and usage of spare time that will help our users expand their word mastery.