toma

[toh mah]

What does toma mean?

Toma is a Spanish verb variously meaning "to take."

In Latin American slang, toma means to have a drink, get what one deserves, or take someone sexually.

Examples of toma

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Examples of toma
Voy al cumple de mi primo así que hoy se toma [I'm going to my cousin's birthday so today we're drinking]
@Frxnciscoo_, December, 2016
DEFINITIVAMENTE NO ME PUEDO IR DE TWITTER AJSJJAJA ENTRO A IG Y CADA BOLUDES QUE VEO “pero te encanta el bardo verdad? Pues tómalo” JAJAJAJ ESCUPÍ TODOOO [FOR SURE I CAN'T LEAVE TWITTER HAHAHA I GET ONTO INSTAGRAM AND ALL THE DUMB STUFF I SEE "but you like real trouble? then take it" HAHAHA I SPIT OUT EVERYTHING]
@Joeilycute, April, 2018
Visto el panorama, Selena Gomez ha tomado una decisión para cortar de raíz el problema: desactivar la opción de comentarios de las fotos de March For Our Lives. [Seeing the situation, Selena Gomez has taken the decision to cut the root of the problem: deactivate the option to comment on the photos from March For Our Lives.]
La Vanguardia, April, 2018

Where does toma come from?

toma
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Toma is based on the everyday Spanish verb tomar, “to take.” Grammatically, toma can mean “he/she/it takes” or the imperative “take (something).”

La toma is a noun form for a “taken thing,” such as military “capture,” film “shot,” or medical “dose.”

As a slang term, toma is largely regional, found in parts of South America and Cuba. An equivalent slang word for toma is cogerIn 2004, Cuban-American rapper Pitbull released a single with rapper Lil John called “Toma,” where he uses the word in a sexually-explicit context. In the song, his lyrics “Abre las pierna’/ y dale toma!” translate to “Open your legs and go, take it!”

Who uses toma?

As slang, toma is especially prevalent among Cubans, as Pitbull’s song helps show. Toma is often used as an interjection. For example, while someone is taking a drink, someone else could be cheering ¡Tómalo! (literally “Take it!”). This toma parallels the English “Drink! Drink!” or “Chug it!”.

¡Tómalo! can also be used in a physical altercation after someone has gotten punched, or has “taken it.” In a sexual contexts,  saying toma has the sense of “take it (penis, body, sex),” “do me,” or more coarsely, “fuck me.”

Outside of slang, toma is an extremely versatile verb in Spanish. It’s often seen in “to take a photo” (toma una photo) or “to make a decision” (tomar una decisión). It can also be used in “to drink something” or “take possession of something.”

The common expression tomalo con calma translates to “take it easy.”

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