Word of the Day

Sunday, February 14, 2021

oeillade

[ œ-yad ]

noun

an amorous glance.

learn about the english language

What is the origin of oeillade?

Oeillade “an amorous glance” has been in English for more than 400 years, but it remains completely unnaturalized. The word is obviously French, its pronunciation not obvious. Oeillade in French means a glance that is furtive, conspiratorial, or secret, or a glance that is flirting and amorous: “significant glance” or “meaningful glance” conveys the English meaning but not its esprit. The first half of oeillade, oeil, means “eye” in French and is a regular development from Latin oculus, source of English oculist and binocular “(with) both eyes.” The noun suffix –ade is the French variant of the common Romance suffix that appears as –ado in Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, and Occitan, but as –ato in Italian. The suffix comes from the Latin past participle suffix –ātus. The English noun ogle “an amorous, flirtatious glance,” a synonym of oeillade, ultimately comes from Dutch or Low German oeglen, oghelen “to make eyes at,” a derivative of the noun oog “eye”; but ogle, too, fails the amour test. Oeillade entered English in the late 16th century.

how is oeillade used?

Oeillades leap toward one another; gazes of longing, smugness, hypocritical piety intertwine in a wordless dance.

John Simon, "Wertmüller's 'Seven Beauties'—Call It A Masterpiece," New York, February 2, 1976

Here she was absolutely outrageous—with long‐held poses, and wicked oeillades at the audience—but anyone who could bring himself to be anything but enchanted would need to be more outrageous than she.

Clive Barnes, "Ballet Theater Having a Great Season," New York Times, July 7, 1975

Listen to the word of the day

oeillade

Play Podcast Stop Podcast
00:00/00:00
quiz icon
WHAT'S YOUR WORD IQ?
Think you're a word wizard? Try our word quiz, and prove it!
TAKE THE QUIZ
arrows pointing up and down
SYNONYM OF THE DAY
Double your word knowledge with the Synonym of the Day!
SEE TODAY'S SYNONYM

Get A Vocabulary Boost In Your Inbox

Get the Word of the Day every day!
  • This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.
Saturday, February 13, 2021

camaraderie

[ kah-muh-rah-duh-ree, -rad-uh-, kam-uh- ]

noun

a spirit of trust and goodwill among people closely associated in an activity or endeavor.

learn about the english language

What is the origin of camaraderie?

Camaraderie, “a spirit of trust and goodwill among people closely associated in an activity or endeavor,” is a French word, a derivative of French camerade, camarade “roommate.” The French noun comes from Spanish camarada “chamberful,” later “chambermate.” Spanish camarada is a derivative of cámara “chamber, room,” from Latin camara, camera “arched roof, vaulted roof or ceiling,” a borrowing of Greek kamára (with the same meanings). Camaraderie entered English in the first half of the 19th century.

how is camaraderie used?

The Fair Fight teams are composed of an exemplary cohort of women and men who do not wait for a better day. Instead, they create it with ingenuity, a spirit of camaraderie, and a love of humanity that never fail to humble me.

Stacy Abrams, "Acknowledgements," Our Time Is Now, 2020

If there were clashes behind the scenes of “Parks and Recreation,” they never became public. It was easy to believe in the affection and camaraderie shared by the main characters.

Alessandra Stanley, "'Parks and Recreation' Finale Ends Show's Run, Sunny as Ever," New York Times, February 24, 2015

Listen to the word of the day

camaraderie

Play Podcast Stop Podcast
00:00/00:00
Friday, February 12, 2021

lunisolar

[ loo-ni-soh-ler ]

adjective

pertaining to or based upon the relations or joint action of the moon and the sun.

learn about the english language

What is the origin of lunisolar?

Lunisolar, meaning “pertaining to or based upon the relations or joint action of the moon and the sun,” is used exclusively in astronomy, as in lunisolar calendar or lunisolar precession. The word comes straight from the Latin nouns lūna “moon” and sōl “sun” (the –i– is a Latin connecting vowel). It is no accident that lūna looks so much like Russian luná: They both come from the same Proto-Indo-European noun louksnā, from the root leuk-, louk-, luk– “to shine, be bright.” Louksnā becomes raokhshnā “shining, brilliant, radiant” in Avestan (the Old Iranian language of the Zoroastrian scriptures); as a proper name, Raokhshnā is transliterated in Greek as Rhōxánē Roxanne (the English spelling was affected by the name Anne). Raokhshnā was an Iranian princess who become Alexander the Great’s wife (she bore Alexander a posthumous son). Latin sōl comes from Proto-Indo-European sāwel (from sāwel to sāwol to sāol to sōl). The derivative noun sāwelios “sun” becomes hḗlios in (Classical Attic) Greek. Greek dialects have the forms ēélios (Homeric), hā́lios and āélios (Doric), and awelios (Cretan). Lunisolar entered English in the second half of the 17th century.

how is lunisolar used?

To correct for seasonal drift, the Chinese, Hindu, Jewish and many other calendars are lunisolar. In these calendars, a month is still defined by the moon, but an extra month is added periodically to stay close to the solar year.

Steph Yin, "What Lunar New Year Reveals About the World's Calendars," New York Times, February 5, 2019

The day of or the day after the New Moon marks the start of the new month for most lunisolar calendars. The first month of the Chinese calendar starts on Friday, February 12, 2021 (at midnight in China’s time zone, which is 13 hours ahead of EST), making this Chinese New Year, the start of the year of the Ox!

Gordon Johnston, "The Next Full Moon is Another Wolf Moon," NASA, January 26, 2021

Listen to the word of the day

lunisolar

Play Podcast Stop Podcast
00:00/00:00

Get A Vocabulary Boost In Your Inbox

Get the Word of the Day every day!
  • This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.