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-age

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  1. a suffix typically forming mass or abstract nouns from various parts of speech, occurring originally in loanwords from French (voyage; courage) and productive in English with the meanings “aggregate” (coinage; peerage; trackage), “process” (coverage; breakage), “the outcome of” as either “the fact of” or “the physical effect or remains of” (seepage; wreckage; spoilage), “place of living or business” (parsonage; brokerage), “social standing or relationship” (bondage; marriage; patronage), and “quantity, measure, or charge” (footage; shortage; tonnage; towage).

Origin of -age

Middle English < Old French < Latin -āticum, neuter of -āticus adj. suffix; an extension of Latin -āta -ate1, whose range of senses it reflects closely
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
British Dictionary definitions for -age

-age

suffix forming nouns
  1. indicating a collection, set, or groupacreage; baggage
  2. indicating a process or action or the result of an actionhaulage; passage; breakage
  3. indicating a state, condition, or relationshipbondage; parentage
  4. indicating a house or placeorphanage
  5. indicating a charge or feepostage
  6. indicating a ratedosage; mileage

Word Origin

from Old French, from Late Latin -āticum, noun suffix, neuter of -āticus, adjectival suffix, from -ātus -ate 1 + -icus -ic
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for -age

word-forming element in nouns of act, process, function, condition, from Old French and French -age, from Late Latin -aticum "belonging to, related to," originally neuter adjectival suffix, from Latin -atus, pp. suffix of verbs of the first conjugation.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper