- a suffix of adjectives of Greek or Latin origin, meaning “of or pertaining to,” “of the nature of,” “made of,” “like”: asinine; crystalline; equine; marine.
Origin of -ine1
- a suffix, of no assignable meaning, appearing in nouns of Greek, Latin, or French origin: doctrine; famine; routine.
- a noun suffix used particularly in chemical terms (bromine; chlorine), and especially in names of basic substances (amine; aniline; caffeine; quinine; quinoline).Compare -in2.
- a suffix of feminine nouns (heroine), given names (Clementine), and titles (landgravine).
Origin of -ine2
- of, relating to, or belonging tosaturnine
- consisting of or resemblingcrystalline
- indicating a halogenchlorine
- indicating a nitrogenous organic compound, including amino acids, alkaloids, and certain other basesalanine; nicotine; purine
- Also: -in indicating a chemical substance in certain nonsystematic namesglycerine
- indicating a mixture of hydrocarbonsbenzine
- indicating a feminine formheroine
- an obsolete equivalent of -yne
Word Origin and History for -ine
suffix used to form adjectives from nouns, from French -ine, fem. of -in, or directly from Latin -inus "of, like."
chemical suffix, sometimes -in, though modern use distinguishes them; early 19c., from French -ine, from Latin -ina, fem. form of suffix used to form adjectives from nouns. In French commonly used to form words for derived substances, hence its extended use in chemistry.
- or -in A chemical substance:bromine, amine, quinine.
- Amino acid:glycine.