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ablative1

[ab-luh-tiv] /ˈæb lə tɪv/ Grammar
adjective
1.
(in some inflected languages) noting a case that has among its functions the indication of place from which or, as in Latin, place in which, manner, means, instrument, or agent.
noun
2.
the ablative case.
3.
a word in that case, as Troiā in Latin Aenēas Troiā vēnit, “Aeneas came from Troy.”.
Origin of ablative1
late Middle English
1400-1450
First recorded in 1400-50; late Middle English word from Latin word ablātīvus. See ablate, -ive
Related forms
ablatival
[ab-luh-tahy-vuh l] /ˌæb ləˈtaɪ vəl/ (Show IPA),
adjective

ablative2

[a-bley-tiv] /æˈbleɪ tɪv/
adjective
1.
capable of or susceptible to ablation; tending to ablate:
the ablative nose cone of a rocket.
Origin
First recorded in 1560-70; ablate + -ive
Related forms
ablatively, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for ablative
Historical Examples
  • Third, the ablative form of a noun signifying a portion of the body.

  • The same form of the ablative at Tr V ii 20 'pleno de mare'.

  • To-night I have a pressing engagement with the ablative Absolute.

    Daddy Long-Legs Jean Webster
  • Living Latin had only the feel of the cases: the ablative and dative emotion.

    Instigations Ezra Pound
  • Try to remember, Quinlan, what I told you about the use of the ablative absolute.

    Short Sixes H. C. Bunner
  • The ablative is indicated by certain particles and prepositions.

  • I don't know more than one single word, and that is 'ablative.'

    Married August Strindberg
  • Do you know the difference between the genitive and the ablative case?

    New Word-Analysis William Swinton
  • And by the time he returned to school he had forgotten the ablative singular of Rosa.

    The Penalty

    Gouverneur Morris
  • Subter and super are also occasionally construed with the ablative.

    New Latin Grammar Charles E. Bennett
British Dictionary definitions for ablative

ablative

/ˈæblətɪv/
adjective
1.
(in certain inflected languages such as Latin) denoting a case of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives indicating the agent in passive sentences or the instrument, manner, or place of the action described by the verb
noun
2.
  1. the ablative case
  2. a word or speech element in the ablative case
3.
taking away or removing: ablative surgery
4.
able to disintegrate or be worn away at a very high temperature: a thick layer of ablative material
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for ablative
n.

mid-15c., from Middle French ablatif, from Latin (casus) ablativus "(case) of removal," expressing direction from a place or time, coined by Julius Caesar from ablatus "taken away," past participle of auferre "carrying away," from ab- "away" (see ab-) + irregular verb ferre (past participle latum; see oblate) "to carry, to bear" (see infer).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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