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absent

[adjective, preposition ab-suh nt; verb ab-sent, ab-suh nt]
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adjective
  1. not in a certain place at a given time; away, missing (opposed to present): absent from class.
  2. lacking; nonexistent: Revenge is absent from his mind.
  3. not attentive; preoccupied; absent-minded: an absent look on his face.
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verb (used with object)
  1. to take or keep (oneself) away: to absent oneself from a meeting.
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preposition
  1. in the absence of; without: Absent some catastrophe, stock-market prices should soon improve.
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Origin of absent

1350–1400; Middle English < Latin absent- (stem of absēns, present participle of abesse to be away (ab- ab- + -s- be (see is) + -ent- -ent))
Related formsab·sen·ta·tion [ab-suh n-tey-shuh n] /ˌæb sənˈteɪ ʃən/, nounab·sent·er, nounab·sent·ness, nounnon·ab·sen·ta·tion, noun

Synonyms

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1. out, off.

Antonyms

1. present.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for absent

absent

adjective (ˈæbsənt)
  1. away or not present
  2. lacking; missing
  3. inattentive; absent-minded
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verb (æbˈsɛnt)
  1. (tr) to remove (oneself) or keep away
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Derived Formsabsenter, noun

Word Origin

C14: from Latin absent-, stem of absēns, present participle of abesse to be away
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for absent

adj.

late 14c., from Middle French absent (Old French ausent), from Latin absentem (nominative absens), present participle of abesse "be away from, be absent" (see absence). Related: Absently; absentness.

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v.

"to keep away" (from), c.1400, from Middle French absenter, from Late Latin absentare "cause to be away," from Latin absentem (see absent (adj.)). Related: Absented; absenting.

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prep.

"in the absence of," 1944, principally from U.S. legal use, from absent (v.).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper