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absent

[adjective, preposition ab-suh nt; verb ab-sent, ab-suh nt] /adjective, preposition ˈæb sənt; verb æbˈsɛnt, ˈæb sənt/
adjective
1.
not in a certain place at a given time; away, missing (opposed to present):
absent from class.
2.
lacking; nonexistent:
Revenge is absent from his mind.
3.
not attentive; preoccupied; absent-minded:
an absent look on his face.
verb (used with object)
4.
to take or keep (oneself) away:
to absent oneself from a meeting.
preposition
5.
in the absence of; without:
Absent some catastrophe, stock-market prices should soon improve.
Origin of absent
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Latin absent- (stem of absēns, present participle of abesse to be away (ab- ab- + -s- be (see is) + -ent- -ent))
Related forms
absentation
[ab-suh n-tey-shuh n] /ˌæb sənˈteɪ ʃən/ (Show IPA),
noun
absenter, noun
absentness, noun
nonabsentation, noun
Synonyms
1. out, off.
Antonyms
1. present.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for absented
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • I avoided the house of Mr Clayton, and absented myself from his chapel.

  • He absented himself in thought, then came to life with a snap.

    Masters of Space Edward Elmer Smith
  • Madeleine absented herself, and Bertha soon stole to her side.

    Fairy Fingers Anna Cora Mowatt Ritchie
  • He absented himself from church; he met the young ladies no more.

    White Lies Charles Reade
  • Feeling his guilt, he had absented himself from the house since his return from the ride.

    Clotelle William Wells Brown
  • If for a time I have absented myself from her, it is to think and work for her redemption.

    Curious, if True Elizabeth Gaskell
  • Harlan had not absented himself from the ranchhouse since the departure of Linton.

    'Drag' Harlan

    Charles Alden Seltzer
  • My God-like, the greatest of all the Riddles, absented himself, and did not vote at all.

    The Monikins J. Fenimore Cooper
  • On a certain Sabbath morning I had absented myself from the synagogue.

    Against the Current Edward A. Steiner
British Dictionary definitions for absented

absent

adjective (ˈæbsənt)
1.
away or not present
2.
lacking; missing
3.
inattentive; absent-minded
verb (æbˈsɛnt)
4.
(transitive) to remove (oneself) or keep away
Derived Forms
absenter, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Latin absent-, stem of absēns, present participle of abesse to be away
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for absented

absent

v.

"to keep away" (from), c.1400, from Middle French absenter, from Late Latin absentare "cause to be away," from Latin absentem (see absent (adj.)). Related: Absented; absenting.

absent

prep.

"in the absence of," 1944, principally from U.S. legal use, from absent (v.).

absent

adj.

late 14c., from Middle French absent (Old French ausent), from Latin absentem (nominative absens), present participle of abesse "be away from, be absent" (see absence). Related: Absently; absentness.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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11
13
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