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Acheulean

or Acheulian

[uh-shoo-lee-uh n] /əˈʃu li ən/
adjective
1.
of, relating to, or typical of a Lower Paleolithic culture of the middle Pleistocene Epoch, characterized by large hand axes and cleavers made by the soft hammer technique.
Origin of Acheulean
1890-1895
1890-95; < French acheuléen, named after St. Acheul, N France (Somme) (where remains were found) + -éen, variant of -ien (< Latin -iānus -ian), orig. with nouns ending in
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for Acheulean
Historical Examples
  • Here the 'older loess' contains a typical Acheulean culture.

    Men of the Old Stone Age Henry Fairfield Osborn
  • It is only in late Acheulean times that human burial rites or interments begin and that skeletal remains are found.

    Men of the Old Stone Age Henry Fairfield Osborn
  • Thus we find late Acheulean implements in drifts of 'loess' at Villejuif, south of Paris.

    Men of the Old Stone Age Henry Fairfield Osborn
  • Only in rare instances, as at Castillo, were the Acheulean hearths brought within the entrance line of the grotto.

    Men of the Old Stone Age Henry Fairfield Osborn
  • Early Acheulean culture widely distributed over all of western Europe.

    Men of the Old Stone Age Henry Fairfield Osborn
  • These deposits are believed to correspond with the period of Chellean and early Acheulean industry.

    Men of the Old Stone Age Henry Fairfield Osborn
  • The Chellean and the following Acheulean industry was carried on here on a very extensive scale.

    Men of the Old Stone Age Henry Fairfield Osborn
  • The 'loess' conditions of climate seem to be coincident with the earliest Acheulean stations in Germany, such as Sablon.

    Men of the Old Stone Age Henry Fairfield Osborn
  • Early in Acheulean times the important 'loess' station of Achenheim was established.

    Men of the Old Stone Age Henry Fairfield Osborn
  • Thus far the region of the middle Rhine and of Westphalia has not shown any evidence of Acheulean culture.

    Men of the Old Stone Age Henry Fairfield Osborn
Acheulean in Science
Acheulian also Acheulean
  (ə-sh'lē-ən)   
Relating to a stage of tool culture of the Lower Paleolithic Period, dating from around 1.5 million to 150,000 years ago, characterized especially by flaked bifacial hand axes, cleavers, and other core tools. The earliest Acheulian tools have been found at African sites associated with Homo erectus fossils. Later examples have been found at numerous sites in the Middle East, Europe, and western and southern Asia.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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