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analogue

or an·a·log

[an-l-awg, -og]
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noun
  1. something having analogy to something else.
  2. Biology. an organ or part analogous to another.
  3. Chemistry. one of a group of chemical compounds similar in structure but different in respect to elemental composition.
  4. a food made from vegetable matter, especially soybeans, that has been processed to taste and look like another food, as meat or dairy, and is used as a substitute for it.
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Origin of analogue

1820–30; < French < Greek análogon, neuter of análogos analogous; replacing earlier analogon < Greek
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for analogue

Historical Examples

  • It is in this latter sense, that it is the Analogue of the Bone.

    The Continental Monthly, Vol 6, No 5, November 1864

    Various


British Dictionary definitions for analogue

analogue

sometimes US analog

noun
    1. a physical object or quantity, such as a pointer on a dial or a voltage, used to measure or represent another quantity
    2. (as modifier)analogue watch; analogue recording
  1. something analogous to something else
  2. biology an analogous part or organ
  3. chem
    1. an organic chemical compound related to another by substitution of hydrogen atoms with alkyl groupstoluene is an analogue of benzene
    2. an organic compound that is similar in structure to another organic compoundthiols are sulphur analogues of alcohols
  4. informal a person who is afraid of using new technological devicesCompare digital native, digital immigrant
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xref

See analog
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for analogue

n.

1826, "an analogous thing," from French analogue, from Greek analogon (itself used in English from c.1810), from ana "up to" (see ana-) + logos "account, ratio" (see lecture (n.)). Computing sense is recorded from 1946.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

analogue in Science

analog

Adjective
  1. Measuring or representing data by means of one or more physical properties that can express any value along a continuous scale. For example, the position of the hands of a clock is an analog representation of time. Compare digital.
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Noun
  1. An organ or structure that is similar in function to one in another kind of organism but is of dissimilar evolutionary origin. The wings of birds and the wings of insects are analogs.
  2. A chemical compound that has a similar structure and similar chemical properties to those of another compound, but differs from it by a single element or group. The antibiotic amoxicillin, for example, is an analog of penicillin, differing from the latter by the addition of an amino group. Compare homologue.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.