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analyse

[an-l-ahyz]
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verb (used with object), an·a·lysed, an·a·lys·ing. Chiefly British.
  1. analyze.

analyze

[an-l-ahyz]
verb (used with object), an·a·lyzed, an·a·lyz·ing.
  1. to separate (a material or abstract entity) into constituent parts or elements; determine the elements or essential features of (opposed to synthesize): to analyze an argument.
  2. to examine critically, so as to bring out the essential elements or give the essence of: to analyze a poem.
  3. to examine carefully and in detail so as to identify causes, key factors, possible results, etc.
  4. to subject to mathematical, chemical, grammatical, etc., analysis.
  5. to psychoanalyze: a patient who has been analyzed by two therapists.
Also especially British, an·a·lyse.

Origin of analyze

1595–1605; back formation from analysis (or from its Latin or Gk sources), with -ys- taken as -ize
Related formsan·a·lyz·a·ble, adjectivean·a·lyz·a·bil·i·ty, nounan·a·ly·za·tion, nounmis·an·a·lyze, verb (used with object), mis·an·a·lyzed, mis·an·a·lyz·ing.non·an·a·lyz·a·ble, adjectivenon·an·a·lyzed, adjectiveo·ver·an·a·lyze, verb, o·ver·an·a·lyzed, o·ver·an·a·lyz·ing.re·an·a·lyz·a·ble, adjectivere·an·a·lyze, verb (used with object), re·an·a·lyzed, re·an·a·lyz·ing.un·an·a·lyz·a·ble, adjectiveun·an·a·lyz·a·bly, adverbun·an·a·lyzed, adjectiveun·an·a·lyz·ing, adjectivewell-an·a·lyzed, adjective

Synonyms

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1. break down. 2. explicate.

Antonyms

1. synthesize.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for analyse

Historical Examples

  • Analyse the case, and then take both sides in turn, attacking and defending.'

    Meditations

    Marcus Aurelius

  • Analyse the differences of opinion implied in the above passage.

    Logic

    Carveth Read

  • Analyse this statement in its bearing upon the play-producing societies.

  • The work here referred to is the Analyse des quations dtermines (Paris, 1831).

  • Analyse him with syntax and dictionary, and you will find "mistakes" and startling neology.


British Dictionary definitions for analyse

analyse

US analyze

verb (tr)
  1. to examine in detail in order to discover meaning, essential features, etc
  2. to break down into components or essential featuresto analyse a financial structure
  3. to make a mathematical, chemical, grammatical, etc, analysis of
  4. another word for psychoanalyse
Derived Formsanalysable or US analyzable, adjectiveanalysation or US analyzation, nounanalyser or US analyzer, noun

Word Origin

C17: back formation from analysis
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for analyse

v.

chiefly British English spelling of analyze (q.v.).

Analyse is better than analyze, but merely as being the one of the two equally indefensible forms that has won. The correct but now impossible form would be analysize (or analysise), with analysist for existing analyst. [Fowler]

analyze

v.

c.1600, "to dissect," from French analyser, from analyse (see analysis). Literature sense is attested from 1610s; meaning in chemistry dates from 1660s. General sense of "to examine closely" dates from 1809; psychological sense is from 1909. Related: Analyzed; analyzing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper