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[an-thruh-sahyt] /ˈæn θrəˌsaɪt/
a mineral coal containing little of the volatile hydrocarbons and burning almost without flame; hard coal.
Also called anthracite coal.
Origin of anthracite
1810-15; probably < French < Latin (Pliny) anthracītis kind of coal. See anthrac-, -ite1
Related forms
[an-thruh-sit-ik] /ˌæn θrəˈsɪt ɪk/ (Show IPA),
[an-thruh-sahy-tuh s] /ˈæn θrəˌsaɪ təs/ (Show IPA),
adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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British Dictionary definitions for anthracite


a hard jet-black coal that burns slowly with a nonluminous flame giving out intense heat. Fixed carbon content: 86–98 per cent; calorific value: 3.14 × 107–3.63 × 107 J/kg Also called hard coal
Derived Forms
anthracitic (ˌænθrəˈsɪtɪk) adjective
Word Origin
C19: from Latin anthracītes type of bloodstone, from Greek anthrakitēs coal-like, from anthrax coal, anthrax
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for anthracite

"non-bituminous coal," 1812, earlier (c.1600) a type of ruby-like gem described by Pliny, from Latin anthracites "bloodstone, semi-precious gem," from Greek anthrakites "coal-like," from anthrax (genitive anthrakos) "live coal" (see anthrax). Related: Anthractic (adj.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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anthracite in Science
A hard, shiny coal that has a high carbon content. It is valued as a fuel because it burns with a clean flame and without smoke or odor, but it is much less abundant than bituminous coal. Compare bituminous coal, lignite.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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