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antibody

[an-ti-bod-ee]
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noun, plural an·ti·bod·ies.
  1. any of numerous Y-shaped protein molecules produced by B cells as a primary immune defense, each molecule and its clones having a unique binding site that can combine with the complementary site of a foreign antigen, as on a virus or bacterium, thereby disabling the antigen and signaling other immune defenses. Abbreviation: Ab
  2. antibodies of a particular type collectively.

Origin of antibody

First recorded in 1895–1900; anti- + body
Also called immunoglobulin.
Can be confusedantibody anybody (see usage note at anybody)
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for antibodies

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • According to this theory the manner of formation of all antibodies is the same.

    The Fundamentals of Bacteriology

    Charles Bradfield Morrey

  • With this exception these antibodies are chiefly of theoretical interest.

    The Fundamentals of Bacteriology

    Charles Bradfield Morrey

  • "Well, these people don't seem to be making any antibodies at all," Tiger said.

    Star Surgeon

    Alan Nourse

  • The formation of antibodies has even been explained on this basis by Weiggert and Ehrlich in their side-chain theory.

  • Experimentally, also, it appears that antibodies (agglutinins) are produced by the vaccine (and modifications thereof).

    Plague

    Thomas Wright Jackson


British Dictionary definitions for antibodies

antibody

noun plural -bodies
  1. any of various proteins produced in the blood in response to the presence of an antigen. By becoming attached to antigens on infectious organisms antibodies can render them harmless or cause them to be destroyedSee also immunoglobulin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for antibodies

antibody

n.

"substance developed in blood as an antitoxin," 1901, a hybrid formed from anti- "against" + body. Probably a translation of German Antikörper, condensed from a phrase such as anti-toxisches Körper "anti-toxic body."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

antibodies in Medicine

antibody

(ăntĭ-bŏd′ē)
n.
  1. A protein substance produced in the blood or tissues in response to a specific antigen, such as a bacterium or a toxin, that destroys or weakens bacteria and neutralizes organic poisons, thus forming the basis of immunity.
  2. An immunoglobulin present in the blood serum or body fluids as a result of antigenic stimulus and interacting only with the antigen that induced it or with an antigen closely related to it.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

antibodies in Science

antibody

[ăntĭ-bŏd′ē]
  1. Any of numerous proteins produced by B lymphocytes in response to the presence of specific foreign antigens, including microorganisms and toxins. Antibodies consist of two pairs of polypeptide chains, called heavy chains and light chains, that are arranged in a Y-shape. The two tips of the Y are the regions that bind to antigens and deactivate them. Also called immunoglobulin
A Closer Look: Like other vertebrates, humans possess an effective immune system that uses antibodies to fight bacteria, viruses, and cancer cells. Antibodies are complex, Y-shaped protein molecules. The immune system's B lymphocytes, which are produced by the bone marrow, develop into plasma cells that can generate a huge variety of antibodies, each one capable of combining with and destroying an antigen, a foreign molecule. Antibodies react to very specific characteristics of different antigens, binding them to the top ends of their Y formation. Once the antibody and antigen combine, the antibodies deactivate the antigen or lead it to macrophages(a kind of white blood cell) that ingest and destroy it. High numbers of a particular antibody may persist for months after an invasion, eventually diminishing. However, the B cells can quickly manufacture more of the same antibody if exposure to the antigen recurs. Vaccines work by “training” B cells to recognize and react quickly to potential disease molecules.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

antibodies in Culture

antibodies

[(an-ti-bod-eez)]

Proteins in the blood that are produced by the body in response to specific antigens (such as bacteria). (See immune system.)

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.