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[ahrk-eyn-juh l]
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  1. Theology. a chief or principal angel; in medieval angelology one of the nine orders of celestial attendants on God.Compare angel(def 1).
  2. angelica(def 1).

Origin of archangel

before 1000; early Middle English arc(h)angel < Anglo-French, Old French arc(h)ang(e)le < Late Latin archangelus < Greek archángelos; replacing Old English hēahengel; see high, arch-1, angel
Related formsarch·an·gel·ic [ahrk-an-jel-ik] /ˌɑrk ænˈdʒɛl ɪk/, arch·an·gel·i·cal, adjective


[ahrk-eyn-juh l]
  1. Russian Arkhangelsk. a seaport in the NW Russian Federation in Europe, on Dvina Bay.
  2. Gulf of, former name of Dvina Bay.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
British Dictionary definitions for archangel


  1. a principal angel, a member of the order ranking immediately above the angels in medieval angelology
  2. another name for angelica (def. 1)
  3. yellow archangel a Eurasian herbaceous plant (Lamiastrum luteum) that has yellow helmet-shaped flowers: family Lamiaceae (labiates)
  4. a bronze-coloured breed of domestic pigeon with black markings
Derived Formsarchangelic (ˌɑːkænˈdʒɛlɪk), adjective


  1. a port in NW Russia, on the Dvina River: major centre for the timber trade and White Sea fisheries. Pop: 345 000 (2005 est)Russian name: Arkhangelsk
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for archangel


late 12c., from Old French archangel (12c.) or directly from Late Latin archangelus, from Greek arkhangelos "chief angel," from arkh- "chief, first" (see archon) + angelos (see angel). Replaced Old English heah encgel.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

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