- a first-magnitude star in the constellation Boötes.
Origin of Arcturus
Examples from the Web for arcturus
Arcturus is the fourth brightest star in the northern hemisphere.A Field Book of the Stars
William Tyler Olcott
Been computing the orbit of the wreckage of the Arcturus around Jupiter.Spacehounds of IPC
Edward Elmer Smith
It has been computed that Arcturus is in mass 500,000 times as large as our sun!To Mars via The Moon
Arcturus was a roving beast of the plains; he went in droves in his day.The Secret of the Creation
Howard D. Pollyen
The Arcturus was detained several days discharging and taking in freight.The Land of Thor
J. Ross Browne
- the brightest star in the constellation Boötes: a red giant. Visual magnitude: –0.4; spectral type: K2III; distance: 37 light years
Word Origin and History for arcturus
late 14c., bright star in the constellation Bootes (also used of the whole constellation), from Latin Arcturus, from Greek Arktouros; anciently associated with the Bear, and its name is Greek for "guardian of the bear." See arctic; second element is from ouros "watcher, guardian, ward" (see warrant (n.)).
Arcturus in the Bible (Job ix:9 and xxxviii:32) is a mistranslation by Jerome (continued in KJV) of Hebrew 'Ayish, which actually refers to the "bowl" of the Big Dipper. In Israel and Arabia, the seven stars of the Great Bear seem to have been a bier (the "bowl") followed by three mourners. In the Septuagint it was translated as Pleiada, which is equally incorrect. The double nature of the great bear/wagon (see Big Dipper) has given two different names to the constellation that follows it: Arktouros "bear-ward" and bootes "the wagoner."
- A giant star in the constellation Boötes. It is the brightest star in the Northern Hemisphere and the fourth brightest star in the sky, with an apparent magnitude of 0.00. Scientific name: Alpha Boötes.