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artiodactyl

[ahr-tee-oh-dak-til]
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adjective
  1. Zoology. having an even number of toes or digits on each foot.
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noun
  1. a hoofed, even-toed mammal of the order Artiodactyla, comprising the pigs, hippopotamuses, camels, deer, giraffes, pronghorns, sheep, goats, antelope, and cattle.
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Compare perissodactyl.

Origin of artiodactyl

From New Latin, dating back to 1840–50; see origin at artio-, dactyl
Related formsar·ti·o·dac·ty·lous, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for artiodactyl

Historical Examples

  • One leading to the existing perissodactyl foot, and the other, apparently later, resulting in the artiodactyl type.

    Darwin, and After Darwin (Vol. 1 and 3, of 3)

    George John Romanes

  • The Artiodactyl group must have quickly branched in turn, as we find very primitive hogs and camels before the end of the Eocene.

  • The great group is now usually divided into those that are odd-toed (Perissodactyl) and those that are even-toed (Artiodactyl).

  • Or, to put it more definitely: hoofed animals are divided into two groups, even-toed (artiodactyl) and odd-toed (perissodactyl).

    Evolution

    Joseph Le Conte


British Dictionary definitions for artiodactyl

artiodactyl

noun
  1. any placental mammal of the order Artiodactyla, having hooves with an even number of toes; an even-toed ungulate. The order includes pigs, hippopotamuses, camels, deer, cattle, and antelopes
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adjective
  1. of, relating to, or belonging to the order Artiodactyla
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Derived Formsartiodactylous, adjective

Word Origin

C19: from New Latin artiodactylus, from Greek ártios even + daktulos digit
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

artiodactyl in Science

artiodactyl

[är′tē-ō-dăktəl]
  1. Any of various hoofed mammals of the order Artiodactyla, having an even number of toes on each foot. Artiodactyls include the pig, sheep, ox, deer, giraffe, and hippopotamus. Also called even-toed ungulate
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.