The supreme Deity of Assyria was Asshur, who was worshipped sometimes as female, sometimes as male.
Asshur was his mighty God, strong in battle and unequaled in courage.
The name of this god appears to have been Asshur, as nearly as can be determined, at present, from the inscriptions.
In the service of Asshur I fought against them and overpowered them.
Moreover, the earliest mention of his worship is in the city of Asshur.
Ishtar was frequently placed by the side of Asshur as a war-goddess.
He was succeeded by Ninip-apil-esharia, who led his forces back to Asshur, followed by Adad-shum-utsur.
The stamps on the tiles of these ruins tell us that the name of the city was Asshur.
The figure of the deity is obviously copied from the Asshur which hovers over the kings of Assyria.
Shalmanesar also built in both the old residences of Asshur and Nineveh.
second son of Shem (Gen. 10:22; 1 Chr. 1:17). He went from the land of Shinar and built Nineveh, etc. (Gen. 10:11,12). He probably gave his name to Assyria, which is the usual translation of the word, although the form Asshur is sometimes retained (Num. 24:22, 24; Ezek. 27:23, etc.). In Gen. 2:14 "Assyria" ought to be "Asshur," which was the original capital of Assyria, a city represented by the mounds of Kalah Sherghat, on the west bank of the Tigris. This city was founded by Bel-kap-kapu about B.C. 1700. At a later date the capital was shifted to Ninua, or Nineveh, now Koyunjik, on the eastern bank of the river. (See CALAH ØT0000688; NINEVEH.)