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Augustus

[aw-guhs-tuh s, uh-guhs-]
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noun
  1. Also called Octavian (before 27 b.c.). Gaius Julius Caesar OctavianusAugustus Caesar, 63 b.c.–a.d. 14, first Roman emperor 27 b.c.–a.d. 14: reformer, patron of arts and literature; heir and successor to Julius Caesar.
  2. a title of office given to rulers of the Roman Republic after Octavianus.
  3. a male given name.

Origin of Augustus

< Latin: august, a title given to Octavian when he became emperor
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
British Dictionary definitions for augustus caesar

Augustus

noun
  1. original name Gaius Octavianus; after his adoption by Julius Caesar (44 bc) known as Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus. 63 bc –14 ad, Roman statesman, a member of the second triumvirate (43 bc). After defeating Mark Antony at Actium (31 bc), he became first emperor of Rome, adopting the title Augustus (27 bc)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for augustus caesar

Augustus

masc. proper name, from Latin augustus "venerable" (see august). The name originally was a cognomen applied to Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus as emperor, with a sense something like "his majesty."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

augustus caesar in Culture

Augustus Caesar

The first emperor of Rome; the adopted son of Julius Caesar. In his reign, from 44 b.c. to a.d. 14, Rome enjoyed peace (see Pax Romana), and the arts flourished. The time of Augustus is considered a golden age for literature in Rome.

Note

Jesus was born during Augustus's reign.

Note

The month of August is named for Augustus.

Note

A time when literature and the arts in a nation are at their height is sometimes called an “Augustan age.” The eighteenth century in England, when many excellent authors were at work, is called the Augustan Age of English literature.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.