- a continent SE of Asia, between the Indian and the Pacific oceans. 2,948,366 sq. mi. (7,636,270 sq. km).
- Commonwealth of, a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, consisting of the federated states and territories of Australia and Tasmania. 2,974,581 sq. mi. (7,704,165 sq. km). Capital: Canberra.
Examples from the Web for australia
He did travel to China and Australia while the story was unfolding.Why Mexicans Are Enraged by Obama’s Big Tuesday Meeting
Ruben Navarrette Jr.
January 6, 2015
A variety of systems were in place across countries like the United Kingdom, France, and Australia.Propaganda, Protest, and Poisonous Vipers: The Cinema War in Korea
December 30, 2014
“Dwarf mistletoe is freaky, freaky, freaky stuff,” says David Watson, an ecologist at Charles Sturt University in Australia.Mistletoe is the Vampire of Plants
December 21, 2014
In 1996, Bourjerdi was granted political asylum and went to Australia as a refugee.The Sydney Astrologer Turned Islamic Radical
December 16, 2014
As a cafe in Sydney, Australia came under siege by a hostage-taking gunman on Monday, those nearby attempted to flee the area.In Defense of Uber’s Awful Sydney Surge Pricing
December 16, 2014
"A cousin from Australia," she concluded: they had cousins there.Weighed and Wanting
Basil returned to Australia, but disappears from view until 1840.The Poems of Henry Kendall
You'd have started sooner if you'd been goin' for the winter to Australia.Jan and Her Job
L. Allen Harker
In Australia, Coolgardie had succumbed and Perth was in a panic.Spawn of the Comet
Harold Thompson Rich
On another occasion Old Colonial had been away in Australia.Brighter Britain! (Volume 1 of 2)
William Delisle Hay
- a country and the smallest continent, situated between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific: a former British colony, now an independent member of the Commonwealth, constitutional links with Britain formally abolished in 1986; consists chiefly of a low plateau, mostly arid in the west, with the basin of the Murray River and the Great Dividing Range in the east and the Great Barrier Reef off the NE coast. Official language: English. Religion: Christian majority. Currency: dollar. Capital: Canberra. Pop: 23 029 674 (2013 est). Area: 7 682 300 sq km (2 966 150 sq miles)
Word Origin and History for australia
from Latin Terra Australis (16c.), from australis "southern" + -ia. A hypothetical southern continent, known as terra australis incognita, had been proposed since 2c. Dutch explorers called the newfound continent New Holland; the current name was suggested 1814 by Matthew Flinders as an improvement over Terra Australis "as being more agreeable to the ear, and an assimilation to the name of the other great portions of the earth" ["Voyage to Terra Australis"]. In 1817 Gov. Lachlan Macquarie, having read Flinders' suggestion, began using it in official correspondence. The ultimate source is Latin auster "south wind," hence, "the south country."
The Latin sense shift in australis, if it is indeed the same word other Indo-European languages use for east (see aurora), for which Latin uses oriens (see orient), perhaps is based on a false assumption about the orientation of the Italian peninsula, "with shift through 'southeast' explained by the diagonal position of the axis of Italy" [Buck]; cf. Walde, Alois, "Lateinisches etymologisches Wörterbuch," 3rd. ed., vol. 1, p.87; Ernout, Alfred, and Meillet, Alfred, "Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue latine," 2nd. ed., p.94. Or perhaps the connection is more ancient, and from PIE root *aus- "to shine," source of aurora, which also produces words for "burning," with reference to the "hot" south wind that blows into Italy. Thus auster "(hot) south wind," metaphorically extended to "south."