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Austria

[aw-stree-uh]
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noun
  1. a republic in central Europe. 32,381 sq. mi. (83,865 sq. km). Capital: Vienna.
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German Österreich.
Related formsAus·tri·an, adjective, nounan·ti-Aus·tri·a, adjectivean·ti-Aus·tri·an, adjective, nounpro-Aus·tri·an, adjective, nounpseu·do-Aus·tri·an, adjective, nountrans-Aus·tri·an, adjectiveun-Aus·tri·an, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for austrian

Austrian

adjective
  1. of or relating to Austria or its inhabitants
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noun
  1. a native or inhabitant of Austria
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Austria

noun
  1. a republic in central Europe: ruled by the Hapsburgs from 1282 to 1918; formed a dual monarchy with Hungary in 1867 and became a republic in 1919; a member of the European Union; contains part of the Alps, the Danube basin in the east, and extensive forests. Official language: German. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: euro. Capital: Vienna. Pop: 8 221 646 (2013 est). Area: 83 849 sq km (32 374 sq miles)German name: Österreich
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for austrian

Austria

European nation, from Medieval Latin Marchia austriaca "eastern borderland." German Österreich is "eastern kingdom," from Old High German ostar "eastern" (see east) + reich (see Reichstag). So called for being on the eastern edge of Charlemagne's empire.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

austrian in Culture

Austria

Mountainous republic in central Europe, bordered by Germany and the former Czechoslovakia to the north, Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. Its capital and largest city is Vienna.

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Note

Under the Hapsburg dynasty (1278–1918), Austria maintained control of the Holy Roman Empire and became a leading player in European politics.

Note

After losing control of the German portions of the Holy Roman Empire in the nineteenth century, Austria joined with Hungary to create the Austro-Hungarian Empire (1867–1918). Allied with Germany, Bulgaria, and Turkey in World War I, the Austro-Hungarian Empire was devastated by the war.

Note

Austria was occupied by Nazi forces in 1938 and annexed by Adolf Hitler to Germany. It was reestablished as a republic in 1945 but remained occupied by four Allied powers until it declared neutrality in 1955.

Note

The picturesque Tyrol region, in the western part of the country, is a favorite year-round tourist spot.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.