Dictionary.com
definitions
  • synonyms

bans

[banz]
See more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
noun (used with a plural verb) Ecclesiastical.
  1. banns.
Show More
Can be confusedbanns bans

ban1

[ban]
verb (used with object), banned, ban·ning.
  1. to prohibit, forbid, or bar; interdict: to ban nuclear weapons; The dictator banned all newspapers and books that criticized his regime.
  2. Archaic.
    1. to pronounce an ecclesiastical curse upon.
    2. to curse; execrate.
Show More
noun
  1. the act of prohibiting by law; interdiction.
  2. informal denunciation or prohibition, as by public opinion: society's ban on racial discrimination.
  3. Law.
    1. a proclamation.
    2. a public condemnation.
  4. Ecclesiastical. a formal condemnation; excommunication.
  5. a malediction; curse.
Show More

Origin of ban1

before 1000; Middle English bannen, Old English bannan to summon, proclaim; cognate with Old Norse banna to curse (probably influencing some senses of ME word), Old High German bannan; akin to Latin fārī to speak, Sanskrit bhanati (he) speaks
Related formsban·na·ble, adjectiveun·banned, adjective
Can be confusedband bannedbanns bans

Synonyms

See more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
1. taboo, outlaw, proscribe. 3. prohibition, proscription, interdict. 3, 4. taboo.

Antonyms

1. allow.

banns

or bans

[banz]
noun (used with a plural verb) Ecclesiastical.
  1. notice of an intended marriage, given three times in the parish church of each of the betrothed.
  2. any public announcement of a proposed marriage, either verbal or written and made in a church or by church officials.
Show More

Origin of banns

1540–50; variant of bans, plural of ban2
Can be confusedbanns bans

ban2

[ban]
noun
  1. a public proclamation or edict.
  2. bans, Ecclesiastical. banns.
  3. (in the feudal system)
    1. the summoning of the sovereign's vassals for military service.
    2. the body of vassals summoned.
Show More

Origin of ban2

1200–50; Middle English, aphetic variant of iban, Old English gebann proclamation, summons to arms (derivative of bannan ban1), influenced in some senses by Old French ban, from same Germanic base
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for bans

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples


British Dictionary definitions for bans

bans

pl n
  1. a variant spelling of banns
Show More

banns

bans

pl n
  1. the public declaration of an intended marriage, usually formally announced on three successive Sundays in the parish churches of both the betrothed
  2. forbid the banns to raise an objection to a marriage announced in this way
Show More

Word Origin

C14: plural of bann proclamation; see ban 1

ban1

verb bans, banning or banned
  1. (tr) to prohibit, esp officially, from action, display, entrance, sale, etc; forbidto ban a book; to ban smoking
  2. (tr) (formerly in South Africa) to place (a person suspected of illegal political activity) under a government order restricting his movement and his contact with other people
  3. archaic to curse
Show More
noun
  1. an official prohibition or interdiction
  2. law an official proclamation or public notice, esp of prohibition
  3. a public proclamation or edict, esp of outlawry
  4. archaic public censure or condemnation
  5. archaic a curse; imprecation
Show More

Word Origin

Old English bannan to proclaim; compare Old Norse banna to forbid, Old High German bannan to command

ban2

noun
  1. (in feudal England) the summoning of vassals to perform their military obligations
Show More

Word Origin

C13: from Old French ban, of Germanic origin; related to Old High German ban command, Old Norse bann ban 1

ban3

noun plural bani (ˈbɑːnɪ)
  1. a monetary unit of Romania and Moldova worth one hundredth of a leu
Show More

Word Origin

from Romanian, from Serbo-Croat bān lord
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for bans

ban

v.

Old English bannan "to summon, command, proclaim," from Proto-Germanic *bannan "proclaim, command, forbid" (cf. Old High German bannan "to command or forbid under threat of punishment," German bannen "banish, expel, curse"), originally "to speak publicly," from PIE root *bha- (2) "to speak" (cf. Old Irish bann "law," Armenian ban "word;" see fame (n.)).

Main modern sense of "to prohibit" (late 14c.) is from Old Norse cognate banna "to curse, prohibit," and probably in part from Old French ban, which meant "outlawry, banishment," among other things (see banal) and was a borrowing from Germanic. The sense evolution in Germanic was from "speak" to "proclaim a threat" to (in Norse, German, etc.) "curse."

The Germanic root, borrowed in Latin and French, has been productive, e.g. banish, bandit, contraband, etc. Related: Banned; banning. Banned in Boston dates from 1920s, in allusion to the excessive zeal and power of that city's Watch and Ward Society.

Show More

ban

n.2

"governor of Croatia," from Serbo-Croatian ban "lord, master, ruler," from Persian ban "prince, lord, chief, governor," related to Sanskrit pati "guards, protects." Hence banat "district governed by a ban," with Latinate suffix -atus. The Persian word got into Slavic perhaps via the Avars.

Show More

banns

n.

see bann.

Show More

ban

n.1

"edict of prohibition," c.1300, "proclamation or edict of an overlord," from Old English (ge)bann "proclamation, summons, command" and Old French ban, both from Germanic; see ban (v.).

Show More
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper