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berm

[burm]
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noun
  1. Also berme. Fortification. a horizontal surface between the exterior slope of a rampart and the moat.
  2. Also called bench. any level strip of ground at the summit or sides, or along the base, of a slope.
  3. Also called backshore, beach berm. a nearly flat back portion of a beach, formed of material deposited by the action of the waves.
  4. Chiefly Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. the bank of a canal or the shoulder of a road.
  5. Chiefly Alaska. a mound of snow or dirt, as formed when clearing land.
  6. a bank of earth placed against an exterior wall or walls of a house or other building as protection against extremes of temperature.
verb (used with object)
  1. to cover or protect with a berm: The side walls were bermed to a height of three feet.

Origin of berm

1720–30; < French berme < Dutch berm; akin to brim1
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for berm

berm

berme

noun
  1. a narrow path or ledge at the edge of a slope, road, or canal
  2. NZ the grass verge of a suburban street, usually kept mown
  3. fortifications a narrow path or ledge between a moat and a rampart
  4. military a man-made ridge of sand, designed as an obstacle to tanks, which, in crossing it, have to expose their vulnerable underparts

Word Origin

C18: from French berme, from Dutch berm, probably from Old Norse barmr brim
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for berm

n.

"narrow ledge," 1729, from French berme (17c.), from Old Dutch baerm "edge of a dike," probably related to brim (q.v.). In U.S., 19c., also the name for the bank of a canal opposite the tow path.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

berm in Science

berm

[bûrm]
  1. A nearly horizontal or landward-sloping portion of a beach formed by the deposition of sediment by storm waves. A beach may have no berm at all, or it may have more than one berm.
  2. A narrow man-made ledge or shelf, as along the top or bottom of a slope.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.