Drunkards were severely punished by being thrust into the bilboes, set in the stocks, and whipped.
Restraint, durance, confinement under arrest, or in the bilboes.
Shakespeare says in Hamlet: “Methought I lay worse than the mutines in the bilboes.”
One of the earliest of these instruments of punishment was the bilboes.
They took him and told him he should go to the bilboes, and then be hanged.
It was a rule that none should speak to a man in the bilboes.
He also suffered in the bilboes for cursing, for “prophane saying dam ye come.”
An they do not confess, they may be set in the bilboes and whipped.
For which Mr. Rowe carid hym abord and put hym in the bilboes.
Then for — but O these bilboes on our ankles, how mercilessly they grip!
kind of sword noted for temper and elasticity, 1590s, from Bilbao, town in northern Spain where swords were made, in English Bilboa. The town name is Roman Bellum Vadum "beautiful ford" (over the Nervion River).