- a military encampment made with tents or improvised shelters, usually without shelter or protection from enemy fire.
- the place used for such an encampment.
- to rest or assemble in such an area; encamp.
Origin of bivouac
Examples from the Web for bivouacked
Bivouacked on North-West side of hill, at a small water-hole.Explorations in Australia
We marched to the vicinity of Elkton, where we bivouacked for the night.Three Years in the Federal Cavalry
On the night of the 17th of October we bivouacked within a league of Ulm.Tom Burke Of "Ours", Volume I (of II)
Charles James Lever
The 2d is bivouacked by a little stream, and I saw him fast asleep.
Winder with the Stonewall Brigade bivouacked at Newtown, twelve miles north.
- a temporary encampment with few facilities, as used by soldiers, mountaineers, etc
- (intr) to make such an encampment
Word Origin and History for bivouacked
1702, from French bivouac (17c.), ultimately from Swiss/Alsatian biwacht "night guard," from bei- "double, additional" + wacht "guard" (see wait (v.)). Original meaning was an army that stayed up on night watch; sense of "outdoor camp" is 1853. Not a common word in English before the Napoleonic Wars. Italian bivacco is from French. As a verb, 1809, "to post troops in the night;" meaning "camp out of doors" is from 1814.