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blackmail

[blak-meyl]
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noun
  1. any payment extorted by intimidation, as by threats of injurious revelations or accusations.
  2. the extortion of such payment: He confessed rather than suffer the dishonor of blackmail.
  3. a tribute formerly exacted in the north of England and in Scotland by freebooting chiefs for protection from pillage.
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verb (used with object)
  1. to extort money from (a person) by the use of threats.
  2. to force or coerce into a particular action, statement, etc.: The strikers claimed they were blackmailed into signing the new contract.
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Origin of blackmail

First recorded in 1545–55; black + mail3
Related formsblack·mail·er, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for blackmail

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • She had been convicted of blackmail, and she made no pretense even of innocence.

    Within the Law

    Marvin Dana

  • If it's blackmail, Mr. Irwin, why don't you consult the police?

    Within the Law

    Marvin Dana

  • Ida has gone to warn her now in case she tries to blackmail you.

    People of Position

    Stanley Portal Hyatt

  • But there's no blackmail when you only take what belongs to you.

    The Vagrant Duke

    George Gibbs

  • But it shouldn't be blackmail, if silence is the price of getting what really belongs to you.

    The Vagrant Duke

    George Gibbs


British Dictionary definitions for blackmail

blackmail

noun
  1. the act of attempting to obtain money by intimidation, as by threats to disclose discreditable information
  2. the exertion of pressure or threats, esp unfairly, in an attempt to influence someone's actions
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verb (tr)
  1. to exact or attempt to exact (money or anything of value) from (a person) by threats or intimidation; extort
  2. to attempt to influence the actions of (a person), esp by unfair pressure or threats
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Derived Formsblackmailer, noun

Word Origin

C16: see black, mail ³
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for blackmail

n.

1550s, from black (adj.) + Middle English male "rent, tribute," from Old English mal "lawsuit, terms, bargaining, agreement," from Old Norse mal "speech, agreement;" related to Old English mæðel "meeting, council," mæl "speech," Gothic maþl "meeting place," from Proto-Germanic *mathla-, from PIE *mod- "to meet, assemble" (see meet (v.)). From the practice of freebooting clan chieftains who ran protection rackets against Scottish farmers. Black from the evil of the practice. Expanded c.1826 to any type of extortion money. Cf. silver mail "rent paid in money" (1590s); buttock-mail (Scottish, 1530s) "fine imposed for fornication."

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v.

1852, from blackmail (n.). Related: Blackmailed; blackmailing.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper